Acinetobacter infections have become common in hospitalized patients, especially in the intensive care unit setting and are difficult to treat due to their propensity to develop antimicrobial drug resistance. Discover the latest research on Acinetobacter Infections here.
Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic, and slowly progressive granulomatous disease caused by filamentous Gram positive anaerobic bacteria from the Actinomycetaceae family (genus Actinomyces). The disease is characterised by the formation of painful abscesses in the mouth, lungs,breast or gastrointestinal tract. Discover the latest research on actinomycosis here.
Bacillus Cereus is a gram-positive bacteria that is the cause of some foodborne illnesses and leads to diarrhea and vomiting. Discover the latest research on Bacillus Cereus Infection here.
Bacterial meningitis continues to be an important cause of mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Here is the latest research.
Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.
Bacterial vaginosis can increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections and in rare cases lead to pelvic inflammatory diseases. Discover the latest research on Bacterial Vaginosis here.
Bartonellosis is an infection caused by bacteria in the genus Bartonella and can present as a variety of diseases depending on the organism involved. While asymptomatic infection has been reported, immunocompromised individuals are more susceptible to severe infection. Find the latest research on bartonellosis here.
Biofilm formation is a key virulence factor for a wide range of microorganisms that cause chronic infections.Here is the latest research on biofilm and infectious diseases.
Botulism is a rare but serious paralytic illness caused by a nerve toxin that is produced by the bacterium clostridium botulinum. Discover the latest research on botulism here.
Brucellosis is a bacterial infection caused by members of the genus brucella and remains one of the world's major zoonotic diseases. Discover the latest research on Brucellosis here.
Buruli ulcer is a progressive disease of subcutaneous tissues caused by mycobacterium ulcerans. Here is the latest research.
Campylobacteriosis is caused by the bacteria Campylobacter jejuni and is a common cause of gastroenteritis in humans. Discover the latest research on Campylobacteriosis here.
Cat-scratch disease, a relatively common infectious disease, is caused by Bartonella henselae and characterized by a fever and regional lymphadenitis. Here is the latest research.
Cellulitis (erysipelas) is a recurring and debilitating bacterial infection of the skin and underlying tissue. Discover the latest research on cellulitis here.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It can be asymptomatic or manifest into other serious complications such as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Discover the latest research on Chlamydia here.
Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae O1 and/or O139. When ingested, its clinical sequelae include the acute onset of severe secretory ‘rice water’ diarrhoea. Within three to four hours of symptom onset, a previously healthy individual may become severely dehydrated and if not treated may die within twenty four hours. This makes cholera one of the most rapidly fatal infectious illnesses known. Discover the latest research on cholera here.
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the leading cause of infectious diarrhoea in hospitalised patients. Discover the latest research on CDI here.
Diphtheria is a bacterial infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Transmission is usually airborne, and the disease usually presents with respiratory symptoms including sore throat and cough, but can involve complications such as myocarditis or neuritis. Find the latest research on diphtheria here.
Gonorrhea is a common bacterial infection caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a gram-negative diplococcus that is transmitted almost exclusively by sexual contact or perinatally. Here is the latest research.
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a major pathogenic factor for gastroduodenal ulcer disease and gastric carcinoma, as well as for other types of gastric and extragastric disease. Discover the latest research on H. pylori infection here.
Hemolytic-uremic anemia (HUS) is characterized by non-immune hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia as well as organ dysfunction, typically acute renal failure. HUS is often caused by Shiga toxin-producing enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli, while atypical HUS is associated with complement dysregulation. Find the latest research on HUS here.
Infectious Disease Sequencing is a emerging field due to low-cost massively parallel sequencing and allows researchers to monitor outbreaks of infectious pathogens. Discover the latest research on Infectious Disease Sequencing here.
Pyroptosis is a form of necrotic and inflammatory programmed cell death induced by inflammatory caspases, one of which is activated by Inflammasome, a multiprotein oligomer responsible for the activation of inflammatory responses. Discover the latest research on inflammasome and pyroptosis here.
Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.Symptoms can be mild to severe. The most common symptoms include: high fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, sneezing, and feeling tired. Discover the latest research on influenza here.
Legionellosis is caused by Legionella species acquired from environmental sources, principally water sources such as cooling towers, where Legionella grows intracellularly in protozoa within biofilms. Here is the latest research.
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis. Infection can lead to damage of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes. This damage may result in a lack of ability to feel pain, which can lead to the loss of parts of extremities from repeated injuries or infection due to unnoticed wounds. Discover the latest research on leprosy here.
Leptospirosis is an infection caused by corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Leptospira.Signs and symptoms can range from none to mild such as headaches, muscle pains, and fevers to severe with bleeding from the lungs or meningitis. If the infection causes the person to turn yellow, have kidney failure and bleeding, it is then known as Weil's disease.If it also causes bleeding into the lungs then it is known as severe pulmonary haemorrhage syndrome. Discover the latest research on leptospirosis here.
Listeriosis is mainly a food-borne illness caused by l. monocytogenes; people most prone to the disease are pregnant women, newborns, elderly, and those with hiv or other diseases compromising immunity. Discover the latest research on listeriosis here.
Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium named Borrelia spread by ticks.The most common sign of infection is an expanding area of redness on the skin, known as erythema migrans, that appears at the site of the tick bite. Other early symptoms may include fever, headache and tiredness. If untreated, symptoms may include loss of the ability to move one or both sides of the face, joint pains, severe headaches with neck stiffness, or heart palpitations, among others. Discover the latest research on Lyme disease here.
Melioidosis, an infection caused by the gram-negative bacillus burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic to southeast asia and northern australia. Discover the latest research on melioidosis here.
Meningococcal disease is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis and often manifests as meningitis or septicemia. The serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W135 are responsible for most cases. Find the latest research on meningococcal disease here.
Mycetoma is a tropical disease that is caused by bacteria or fungi, and leads to subcutaneous inflammation. Discover the latest research on Mycetoma here.
Nocardiosis is a bacterial infection caused by organisms in the genus Nocardia. It can affect the lungs, skin, or present as a systemic infection. It most commonly affects immunocompromised individuals. Find the latest research on nocardiosis here.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. igns and symptoms, when present, may include lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, fever, burning with urination, pain with sex, bleeding after sex, or irregular menstruation. Untreated PID can result in long-term complications including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, and cancer.Discover the latest research on PID here.
Pertussis, known as whooping cough, is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis vaccines are effective for disease prevention. Discover the latest research on Pertussis here.
Plague is caused by Yersinia pestis, a bacteria that typically infects rodents and can spread to humans. Initial symptoms resemble a flu with a high fever. Discover the latest research on the Plague here.
Pneumococcal infection is an infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is also called the pneumococcus.
Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by the pathogen Coxiella burnetii causing acute and chronic clinical manifestations. Discover the latest research on Q Fever here.
Relapsing fever is caused by a bacterial infection transmitted either by ticks (tick-borne relapsing fever) or by the human body louse (louse-borne relapsing fever). It generally presents with asymptomatic periods alternating with a high fever, muscle/joint aches, nausea, and headache. Find the latest research on relapsing fever here.
Rickettsial infections are an underdiagnosed group of diseases presenting as acute febrile illness, with high mortality in untreated cases. Here is the latest research.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a potentially fatal tick-borne infection caused by the gram-negative bacteria Rickettsia rickettsii. Discover the latest research on Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever here.
Salmonella infections are a serious public health problem in developing countries and represent a constant concern for the food industry. Discover the latest research on Salmonella Infections here.
Scarlet fever is an infection of the group A streptococcus bacterial strains that presents itself with a characteristic rash in a small subset of patients with strep throat. Discover the latest research on Scarlet Fever here.
Shigellosis is an infection of the intestines caused by Shigella bacteria. Signs and symptoms may range from mild abdominal discomfort to full-blown dysentery characterized by cramps, diarrhea, with slimy-consistent stools, fever, blood, pus, or mucus in stools or tenesmus. Discover the latest research on shigellosis here.
Staphylococcal infections caused by Staphylococcus bacteria can cause skin infections, food poisoning, septicaemia, toxic shock syndrome, etc. Here is the latest research.
Streptococcal infections are caused by streptococci, a genus of Gram-positive bacteria which cause diverse human diseases. Discover the latest research on streptococcal infection here.
Syphilis is an important public health issue and continues to occur at high rates among sexually active individuals. Here is the latest research.
Tetanus is a condition caused by the bacteria Clostridium tetani. The toxin impairs the function of motor neurons, leading to muscle spasms and tightness. Discover the latest research on Tetanus here.
Trachoma, caused by ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, remains the leading infectious cause of blindness. Here is the latest research.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Discover the latest research on tuberculosis here.
Tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. Symptoms may include fever, skin ulcers, and enlarged lymph nodes. Discover the latest research on tularemia here.
Typhoid fever, a systemic infection caused by salmonella enterica serotype typhi, remains an important worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality. Discover the latest research on typhoid fever here.
Yersiniosis is common foodborne gastrointestinal disease caused by the enteric pathogens Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Here is the latest research.