Three major axes, anteroposterior, dorsoventral, and left-right axes, patterned during embryogenesis determine the overall body plan of an organism. Discover the latest research on axis formation here.
Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis
Apoptotic caspases belong to the protease enzyme family and are known to play an essential role in inflammation and programmed cell death. Here is the latest research.
BLC-2 family proteins are a group that share the same homologous BH domain. They play many different roles including pro-survival signals, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis and removal or damaged cells. They are often regulated by phosphorylation, affecting their catalytic activity. Here is the latest research on BCL-2 family proteins.
Caspases, the family of cysteine proteases are involved in programmed cell death, but their role in metabolic diseases, inflammation and immunity has been of interested. Discover the latest research on caspases in metabolic diseases here.
Cell cycle is a complex process regulated by several signal transduction pathways and enzymes. Here is the latest research on regulation of cell cycle and cell cycle pathways.
Cell fate specification is determined by complex signal transduction pathways including Notch and the Sonic hedgehog signaling pathway. Here is the latest research on regulation of cell fate determination.
Chondrogenesis is the earliest phase of skeletal development, involving mesenchymal cell recruitment and migration, condensation of progenitors, and chondrocyte differentiation, and maturation and resulting in the formation of cartilage and bone during endochondral ossification. Here is the latest research.
Collective cell migration is the coordinated movement of cells, which organize tissues during morphogenesis, repair and some cancers. Here is the latest research.
Cyclins and cylin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are two classes of regulatory molecules that determine a cell’s progression through cell cycle. Here is the latest research.
Cytoskeletal motors of the dynein, kinesin and myosin superfamilies maintain and adapt subcellular organelle organization to meet functional demands and support the vesicular transport of material between organelles. Here is the latest research on cytoskeletal and motor biophysics.