Contractile forces generated by the actin-myosin cytoskeleton are critical for morphogenesis, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms of contraction have been elusive for many cell shape changes and movements. Here is the latest research on the roles of actin and myosin in cell movement.
Actin-binding proteins are a component of the actin cytoskeleton that play essential roles in cellular functions such as regulation of actin polymerization, maintenance of cell polarity, gene expression regulation, cell motility and many more functions. Discover the latest research on actin-binding proteins here.
Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis
Three major axes, anteroposterior, dorsoventral, and left-right axes, patterned during embryogenesis determine the overall body plan of an organism. Discover the latest research on axis formation here.
BLC-2 family proteins are a group that share the same homologous BH domain. They play many different roles including pro-survival signals, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis and removal or damaged cells. They are often regulated by phosphorylation, affecting their catalytic activity. Here is the latest research on BCL-2 family proteins.
Caspases, the family of cysteine proteases are involved in programmed cell death, but their role in metabolic diseases, inflammation and immunity has been of interested. Discover the latest research on caspases in metabolic diseases here.
Cell fate specification is determined by complex signal transduction pathways including Notch and the Sonic hedgehog signaling pathway. Here is the latest research on regulation of cell fate determination.
Chondrogenesis is the earliest phase of skeletal development, involving mesenchymal cell recruitment and migration, condensation of progenitors, and chondrocyte differentiation, and maturation and resulting in the formation of cartilage and bone during endochondral ossification. Here is the latest research.