Encephalitis is a condition of inflammation of the brain parenchyma, occurs as a result of infectious or autoimmune causes, and can lead to encephalopathy, seizures, focal neurological deficits, neurological disability, and death. Here is the latest research.
Prions are misfolded proteins which characterize several fatal neurodegenerative diseases. Prion-like mechanisms are associated with the pathogenesis of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Discover the latest research on acute disseminated encephalomyelitis here.
Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism, is a long-term endocrine disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough steroid hormones. Discover the latest research on Addison's disease here.
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a form of Still's disease, a rare systemic autoinflammatory disease characterized by the classic triad of persistent high spiking fevers, joint pain, and a distinctive salmon-colored bumpy rash. Discover the latest research on AOSD here.
Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is a form of of brain inflammation due to antibodies against NMDA receptors. Discover the latest research on anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis here.
Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.
Patients with type I diabetes lack insulin-producing beta cells due to the loss of immunological tolerance and autoimmune disease. Discover the latest research on targeting tolerance to prevent diabetes.
In autoimmune diseases, the immune system responds and attacks self-antigens and damages or impairs the function of the tissues. The treatment for autoimmune diseases often involves immunosuppressive agents, but newer treatments are being investigated. Discover the latest research on autoimmune disease therapy here.
Autoimmune diseases occur as a result of an attack by the immune system on the body’s own tissues resulting in damage and dysfunction. There are different types of autoimmune diseases, in which there is a complex and unknown interaction between genetics and the environment. Discover the latest research on autoimmune diseases here.
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) occurs when antibodies directed against the person's own red blood cells (RBCs) cause them to burst (lyse), leading to an insufficient number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the circulation. Discover the latest research on AIHA here.