While type 2 diabetes (T2D) is heritable, less than 20% of this heritability is explained by known genetic variants. This discrepancy maybe explained by epigenetic changes and epigenetic inheritance in pancreatic cells. Here is the latest research on the epigenetic control of beta cell function and failure in T2D.
This feed focuses on the role of the aging process on developing diabetes.
Angelman syndrome is a neurogenetic imprinting disorder caused by loss of the maternally inherited UBE3A gene and is characterized by generalized epilepsy, limited expressive speech, sleep dysfunction, and movement disorders. Here is the latest research.
This feed focuses on mechanisms that underlie cellular plasticity as a treatment for diabetes and other degenerative diseases.
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is a protein involved in fat metabolism and associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and cardiovascular disease. Here is the latest research on APOE phenotypes.
Serum cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B (APOB)-containing lipoproteins (very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), immediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), lipoprotein A (LPA)) and the total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ratio are all connected in diseases. Here is the latest research.
Asprosin is a fasting-induced hormone produced in the white adipose tissue to stimulate the hepatic release of glucose into the bloodstream. Discover the latest research on this protein hormone here.
Patients with type I diabetes lack insulin-producing beta cells due to the loss of immunological tolerance and autoimmune disease. Discover the latest research on targeting tolerance to prevent diabetes.
Autophagy preserves the health of cells and tissues by replacing outdated and damaged cellular components with fresh ones. In starvation, it provides an internal source of nutrients for energy generation and, thus, survival. A powerful promoter of metabolic homeostasis at both the cellular and whole-animal level, autophagy prevents degenerative diseases. It does have a downside, however--cancer cells exploit it to survive in nutrient-poor tumors.
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is an imprinting disorder characterized by overgrowth, congenital malformations and predisposition to tumors. Discover the latest research on Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome here.
This feed focuses on the latest research on biomarkers used for monitoring disease progression in diabetes.