Fragile X syndrome is caused by an expanded CGG repeat (> 200 repeats) in the 5' untranslated portion of the fragile mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1) within the X chromosome, leading to deficiency of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). It is cognitive impairment, hyperactivity, SEIZURES, language delay, and enlargement of the ears, head, and testes. Intellectual disability occurs in nearly all males and roughly 50% of females with the full mutation. Discover the latest research on Fragile X syndrome here.
22q11.2 deletion syndrome, also known as DiGeorge syndrome, is a congenital disorder caused as a result of a partial deletion of chromosome 22. Here is the latest research.
4H Lekodystrophy involves hypomyelination, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and hypodontia. It is also known as POLR-3Related Leukodystrophy. 4H syndrome symptoms include delayed or abnormal puberty, issues with central nervous system signal transmission, abnormal development of teeth, and symptoms tend to progressively get worse over time. There is not yet a known cure.
Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based gene therapy is a biological vector that is being researched to be used as a potential therapeutic option. This gene therapy is designed to insert fragments of DNA into targeted cells to help treat diseases, such as hemophilia a. Discover the latest research on AAV-based gene therapy here.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neuron disease, is associated with the death of neurons that control voluntary muscles. Discover the latest research on ALS here.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by muscle weakness. ALS is a genetically heterogeneous disorder with several causative genes. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to the genetics of this disease.
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a common hematological type of cancer. As the population ages, there has been a rise in the frequency of AML. RNA expression has been used to see if there are different genetic profiles that exist within AML and whether these may underpin the variations in survival rates. Here is the latest research on AML and RNA.
Adenomatous polyposis coli is a protein encoded by the APC gene and acts as a tumor suppressor. Discover the latest research on adenomatous polyposis coli here.
Adult polyglucosan body disease (APBD) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by defects in the glycogen brancher enzyme 1 (GBE1) gene. Discover the latest research on APBD here.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease associated with accumulation of amyloid plaques, which are comprised of amyloid beta. Here is the latest research in this field.
Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease. Discover genetic and epigenetic aspects of Alzheimer’s disease, including genetic markers and genomic structural variations here.