Gastrulation is a phase early in the embryonic development of most animals, during which the single-layered blastula is reorganized into a multilayered structure known as the gastrula. Before gastrulation, the embryo is a continuous epithelial sheet of cells; by the end of gastrulation, the embryo has begun differentiation to establish distinct cell lineages, set up the basic axes of the body, and internalized one or more cell types including the prospective gut
Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis
Apoptotic caspases belong to the protease enzyme family and are known to play an essential role in inflammation and programmed cell death. Here is the latest research.
Three major axes, anteroposterior, dorsoventral, and left-right axes, patterned during embryogenesis determine the overall body plan of an organism. Discover the latest research on axis formation here.
BLC-2 family proteins are a group that share the same homologous BH domain. They play many different roles including pro-survival signals, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis and removal or damaged cells. They are often regulated by phosphorylation, affecting their catalytic activity. Here is the latest research on BCL-2 family proteins.
Caspases, the family of cysteine proteases are involved in programmed cell death, but their role in metabolic diseases, inflammation and immunity has been of interested. Discover the latest research on caspases in metabolic diseases here.
Cell cycle checkpoints are a series of complex checkpoint mechanisms that detect DNA abnormalities and ensure that DNA replication and repair are complete before cell division. They are primarily regulated by cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases, and the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome. Here is the latest research.
Key regulators of cell cycle, including cyclins, cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors, DNA replication factors, are controlled by proteolysis. Discover the latest research on cell cycle control and proteolysis.
Computational modeling and the theory of nonlinear dynamical systems allow one to not simply describe the events of the cell cycle, but also to understand why these events occur. Discover the latest research on cell cycle modeling here.
Cell cycle is a complex process regulated by several signal transduction pathways and enzymes. Here is the latest research on regulation of cell cycle and cell cycle pathways.
Cell fate specification is determined by complex signal transduction pathways including Notch and the Sonic hedgehog signaling pathway. Here is the latest research on regulation of cell fate determination.