Microbes in the gut communicate with the central nervous system (CNS) via at least three parallel and interacting channels including endocrine, nervous, and immune signaling. Here is the latest research on the brain-gut-microbiome axis.
The midbrain dopamine system is widely studied for its involvement in emotional and motivational behavior. Some of these neurons receive information from the amygdala and project throughout the cortex. When the circuit and transmission of dopamine is disrupted symptoms may present. Here is the latest research on the amygdala and midbrain dopamine.
Antimicrobial resistance poses a significant threat to the continued successful use of antimicrobial agents for the treatment of bacterial infections.
Astrocytes are glial cells that support the blood-brain barrier, facilitate neurotransmission, provide nutrients to neurons, and help repair damaged nervous tissues. Here is the latest research.
The relationship between astrocytes and amyloid has been suggested in some neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Neuronal damage stimulates the activation of reactive astrocytes, which may the source of amyloid that forms in Alzheimer’s. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and amyloid.
Astrocytes are abundant within the central nervous system and their dysfunction has been thought to be an important contributor to some neurodegenerative diseases, in particular Huntington’s disease. Damage to these cells may make neurons more susceptible to degeneration. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and Huntington’s disease.
Astrocytes are important for the health and function of the central nervous system. When these cells stop functioning properly, either through gain of function or loss of homeostatic controls, neurodegenerative diseases can occur. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and neurodegeneration.
Astrocytes are glial cells found within the CNS and are able to regenerate new neurons. They become activated during CNS injury and disease. The activation leads to the transcription of new genes and the repair and regeneration of neurons. Discover the latest research on astrocytes in repair and regeneration here.
Baterial metabolism is how bacteria obtain the energy and nutrients they need to live and reproduce.The study of bacterial metabolism focuses on the chemical diversity of substrate oxidations and dissimilation reactions (reactions by which substrate molecules are broken down), which normally function in bacteria to generate energy. Also within the scope of bacterial metabolism is the study of the uptake and utilization of the inorganic or organic compounds required for growth and maintenance of a cellular steady state (assimilation reactions). Discover the latest research on bacterial metabolism here.
Bacterial protein structures can expedite the development of novel antibiotics. Here is the latest research on bacterial proteins and the resolution of their structures.
This feed focuses on cellular respiration in bacteria, known as bacterial respiration. Discover the latest research here.