Neuronal plasticity is the brain’s ability to change its structure and function in response to internal or external factors. Here is the latest research on mechanisms that influence this process.
The midbrain dopamine system is widely studied for its involvement in emotional and motivational behavior. Some of these neurons receive information from the amygdala and project throughout the cortex. When the circuit and transmission of dopamine is disrupted symptoms may present. Here is the latest research on the amygdala and midbrain dopamine.
Astrocytes are glial cells that support the blood-brain barrier, facilitate neurotransmission, provide nutrients to neurons, and help repair damaged nervous tissues. Here is the latest research.
The relationship between astrocytes and amyloid has been suggested in some neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Neuronal damage stimulates the activation of reactive astrocytes, which may the source of amyloid that forms in Alzheimer’s. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and amyloid.
Astrocytes are abundant within the central nervous system and their dysfunction has been thought to be an important contributor to some neurodegenerative diseases, in particular Huntington’s disease. Damage to these cells may make neurons more susceptible to degeneration. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and Huntington’s disease.
Astrocytes are important for the health and function of the central nervous system. When these cells stop functioning properly, either through gain of function or loss of homeostatic controls, neurodegenerative diseases can occur. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and neurodegeneration.
Astrocytes are glial cells found within the CNS and are able to regenerate new neurons. They become activated during CNS injury and disease. The activation leads to the transcription of new genes and the repair and regeneration of neurons. Discover the latest research on astrocytes in repair and regeneration here.
Autism spectrum disorder is associated with challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, and often accompanied by sensory sensitivities and medical issues. Here is the latest research.
A common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the impairment of motor control and learning, consistent with perturbation in cerebellar function. Find the latest research on ASD and motor learning here.
The absence of effective treatments for autism are due to the high clinical and genetic heterogeneity between affected individuals, restricted knowledge of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms, and the lack of reliable diagnostic biomarkers. Identification of more homogenous biological subgroups is therefore essential for the development of novel treatments based on the molecular mechanisms underpinning autism and autism spectrum disorders. Find the latest research on autism treatment targets here.
Axon guidance is a complex neural developmental field that investigates mechanisms through which neurons send out axons to reach its target. Here is the latest research in this domain.