Oxygenation is a chemical production that introduces oxygen atom into an organic compound. Hydroxylation is a chemical process that introduces a hydroxyl group (-OH) into an organic compound. In biochemistry, hydroxylation reactions are often facilitated by enzymes called hydroxylases. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are expressed mainly in the liver and are active in mono-oxygenation and hydroxylation of various xenobiotics, including drugs and alcohols, as well as that of endogenous compounds such as steroids, bile acids, prostaglandins, leukotrienes and biogenic amines. Here is the latest research.
AFM in situ DNA describes in situ analysis (or study) of DNA using atomic force microscopy. Discover the latest research on AFM in situ DNA here.
ATP synthases are enzymes located in the inner mitochondrial membrane that catalyze the synthesis of ATP during cellular respiration. Discover the latest research on ATP synthases here.
This feed focuses on biomimetrics, synthetic biology and bio- and tissue-engineering approaches used for modeling human diseases.
Bacterial protein structures can expedite the development of novel antibiotics. Here is the latest research on bacterial proteins and the resolution of their structures.
This feed focuses on broad characteristics of the CRISPR system and the proteins associated with it.
Biosyntheic transformtions are multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed processes where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms. Simple compounds are modified, converted into other compounds, or joined together to form macromolecules. Discover the latest research on biosynthetic transformations here.
Bioenergetic processes, including cellular respiration and photosynthesis, concern the transformation of energy by cells. Here is the latest research on the role of calcium in bioenergetics.
Cholesterol is essential for a variety of cellular processes, including cell growth and division, and it plays an important role in various signaling pathways. Here is the latest research on cholesterol synthesis and the role of cholesterol in cell signaling.
This feed focuses on structure and function of coenzymes in catalytic reactions, including cellular redox systems.
This feed focuses on cytochromes, including cytochrome C and the cytochromes P450 (CYP) enzyme system, and their involvement in the activation and inactivation of drugs.