Autophagy leads to degradation of damaged proteins and organelles by the lysosome. Impaired autophagy has been implicated in several diseases. Here is the role of autophagy in Parkinson’s disease.
Alpha-synucleins are small proteins that are believed to restrict the mobility of synpatic vesicles and inhibit neurotransmitter release. Aggregation of these proteins have been linked to several types of neurodegenerative diseases including dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease. Here is the latest research on α-synuclein aggregation.
Alpha-synuclein is an integral component of Lewy bodies which are comprised of protein clumps and are a pathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease. They have also been detected in several other neurodegenerative diseases, known as synucleopathies. Here is the latest research on alpha-synuclein antibody therapeutics.
Astrocytes are abundant within the central nervous system and their dysfunction has been thought to be an important contributor to some neurodegenerative diseases, in particular Huntington’s disease. Damage to these cells may make neurons more susceptible to degeneration. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and Huntington’s disease.
Ataxia is a neurological condition characterized by lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements including loss of coordination, balance, and speech. Discover the latest research on ataxia here.
Atypical Parkinsonism presents with the same signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease, but do not respond to typical Parkionson's disease treatment with levodopa. Atypical Parkinsonism is thought to be associated with abnormal protein buildup within brain cells. Here is the latest on Atypical Parkinsonism.
The basal ganglia is comprised of the neostriatum, the external and internal pallidal segments, the subthalamic nucleus, the substantia nigra pars reticulata, and the pars compacta of the substantia nigra. The basal ganglia circuitry is responsible for the correct execution of voluntary movements and is implicated in Parkinson's disease. Here is the latest research investigating the basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease.
Neural circuits are groups of interconnected neurons which carry out specific functions when activated. Imaging these neural circuits allows researches to further elucidate their mechanisms and functions. Follow this feed to stay up to date on brain imaging of neural circuits.
Cervical dystonia, or spasmodic torticollis, is a neurological disorder in which involuntary muscle contractions in the neck cause abnormal head and neck movements. Current treatment options include botulinum toxin injections, oral medications, and surgery. Find the latest research on cervical dystonia here.
Children with movement disorders display unwanted movements or have difficulties moving in the way they intend to. Most childhood movement disorders are rare; they can result from different types of brain injury, infection or other causes such as genetic disorders. This feed covers research into tremor, dystonia, chorea, ataxia and other movement disorders specifically in children.
Chorea is a movement disorder characterized by brief, involuntary, irregular contractions. The contractions appear to flow across adjacent muscles. Chorea may be due to neurodegenerative disorders, structural brain damage, or autoimmune diseases. Find the latest research on chorea here.