Proinsulin, a prohormone precursor to insulin, is produced in beta cells of pancreatic islets. Here is the latest research on proinsulin in type 2 diabetes.
This feed focuses on the role of the aging process on developing diabetes.
This feed focuses on mechanisms that underlie cellular plasticity as a treatment for diabetes and other degenerative diseases.
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is a protein involved in fat metabolism and associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and cardiovascular disease. Here is the latest research on APOE phenotypes.
Serum cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B (APOB)-containing lipoproteins (very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), immediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), lipoprotein A (LPA)) and the total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ratio are all connected in diseases. Here is the latest research.
Asprosin is a fasting-induced hormone produced in the white adipose tissue to stimulate the hepatic release of glucose into the bloodstream. Discover the latest research on this protein hormone here.
Patients with type I diabetes lack insulin-producing beta cells due to the loss of immunological tolerance and autoimmune disease. Discover the latest research on targeting tolerance to prevent diabetes.
Autophagy preserves the health of cells and tissues by replacing outdated and damaged cellular components with fresh ones. In starvation, it provides an internal source of nutrients for energy generation and, thus, survival. A powerful promoter of metabolic homeostasis at both the cellular and whole-animal level, autophagy prevents degenerative diseases. It does have a downside, however--cancer cells exploit it to survive in nutrient-poor tumors.
This feed focuses on the latest research on biomarkers used for monitoring disease progression in diabetes.
Biomarkers can help understand chronic diseases and assist in risk prediction for prevention and early detection of diseases. Here is the latest research on biomarkers in type 2 diabetes, a disease in which the body is unable to produce or properly use insulin.
COVID-19 (short for “Coronavirus Disease 2019") is the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. COVID-19 represents a particular challenge to people with serious chronic medical conditions such as diabetes. To keep our community as informed as possible, the American Diabetes Association is partnering with the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative's Meta to highlight the latest research developments at the intersection of COVID-19 and diabetes.