RPGRIP1L is a ciliary gene that is ubiquitously expressed in human embryonic and fetal tissues. It functions in neurodevelopment, including the development of hypothalamic arcuate neurons. Defects in this gene are associated with Joubert syndrome (type 7) and Meckel syndrome (type 5). Here is the latest research on the role of this gene in neurons.
The midbrain dopamine system is widely studied for its involvement in emotional and motivational behavior. Some of these neurons receive information from the amygdala and project throughout the cortex. When the circuit and transmission of dopamine is disrupted symptoms may present. Here is the latest research on the amygdala and midbrain dopamine.
Astrocytes are glial cells that support the blood-brain barrier, facilitate neurotransmission, provide nutrients to neurons, and help repair damaged nervous tissues. Here is the latest research.
Astrocytes are thought to play a role in amyloid production and have been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Here is the latest research on the relationship between astrocytes and amyloid.
Astrocytes are abundant within the central nervous system and their dysfunction has been thought to be an important contributor to some neurodegenerative diseases, in particular Huntington’s disease. Damage to these cells may make neurons more susceptible to degeneration. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and Huntington’s disease.
Astrocytes are important for the health and function of the central nervous system. When these cells stop functioning properly, either through gain of function or loss of homeostatic controls, neurodegenerative diseases can occur. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and neurodegeneration.
Astrocytes are glial cells found within the CNS and are able to regenerate new neurons. They become activated during CNS injury and disease. The activation leads to the transcription of new genes and the repair and regeneration of neurons. Discover the latest research on astrocytes in repair and regeneration here.
Some cytokines are able to cross the blood brain barrier through transport systems and enter the cerebrospinal fluid and interstitial fluid spaces. Here is the latest research on cytokines crossing the blood brain barrier and how this can affect tissues within the CNS.
The blood brain barrier is essential in regulating the movement of molecules and substances in and out of the brain. Disruption to the blood brain barrier and changes in permeability allow pathogens and inflammatory molecules to cross the barrier and may play a part in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. Here is the latest research in this field.
Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.
Brain organoids are three-dimensional cell culture models derived from human pluripotent stem cells. Since they resemble the embryonic brain, they can be used to help study brain biology, early brain development, and brain diseases. Discover the latest research on brain organoids in disease modeling here.