Jul 1, 1989

1,2-dioxetanes: novel chemiluminescent enzyme substrates. Applications to immunoassays

Journal of Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence
I BronsteinJ C Voyta


We have synthesized and studied two 1,2-dioxetane-based chemiluminescent enzyme substrates: 3-(2'-spiroadamantane)-4-methoxy-4-(3"-phosphoryloxy)phenyl- 1,2-dioxetane (AMPPD), and, 3-(2'-spiroadamantane)-4-methoxy-4-(3"-beta-D'-galactopyrano -yloxy)phenyl-1,2- dioxetane (AMPGD), which can be activated to chemiluminescence at 470 nm by alkaline phosphatase and beta-D-galactosidase, respectively. In addition, we observed that certain macromolecules enhance the luminescence of AMPPD. For example, the addition of 0.1% bovine serum albumin amplifies the luminescent signal and improves the detection limit for alkaline phosphatase by approximately one order of magnitude under certain conditions. This effect is due to the presence of a hydrophobic microenvironment provided by the enhancer which 'stabilizes' the dephosphorylated AMPPD emitter. Alkaline phosphatase catalysed chemiluminescence from AMPPD is constant for a prolonged period of time. Using AMPPD we were able to detect 0.01 attomole quantities of alkaline phosphatase immobilized on membrane supports and imaged on photographic film and, in solution, measured in a luminometer. AMPPD and AMPGD offer alternatives to colorimetric and fluorescent substrates for alkaline phosphatase...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human
Heterocyclic Compounds
Sodium nitrophenylphosphate
Alkaline Phosphatase Measurement
Alkaline Phosphatase
Fluorescent stain

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