¹²⁴I-Epidepride: a PET radiotracer for extended imaging of dopamine D2/D3 receptors

Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Suresh PandeyJogeshwar Mukherjee

Abstract

A new radiotracer, ¹²⁴I-epidepride, has been developed for the imaging of dopamine D2/3 receptors (D2/3Rs). ¹²⁴I-Epidepride (half-life of ¹²⁴I=4.2 days) allows imaging over extended periods compared to (18)F-fallypride (half-life of ¹⁸F=0.076 days) and may maximize visualization of D2/3Rs in the brain and pancreas (allowing clearance from adjacent organs). D2/3 Rs are also present in pancreatic islets where they co-localize with insulin to produce granules and may serve as a surrogate marker for imaging diabetes. ¹²⁴I-Epidepride was synthesized using N-[[(2S)-1-ethylpyrrolidin-2-yl]methyl]-5-tributyltin-2,3-dimethoxybenzamide and ¹²⁴I-iodide under no carrier added condition. Rats were used for in vitro and in vivo imaging. Brain slices were incubated with (124)I-epidepride (0.75 μCi/cc) and nonspecific binding measured with 10 μM haloperidol. Autoradiograms were analyzed by OptiQuant. ¹²⁴I-Epidepride (0.2 to 0.3 mCi, iv) was administered to rats and brain uptake at 3 hours, 24 hours, and 48 hours post injection was evaluated. ¹²⁴I-Epidepride was obtained with 50% radiochemical yield and high radiochemical purity (>95%). (124)I-Epidepride localized in the striatum with a striatum to cerebellum ratio of 10. Binding was displaced ...Continue Reading

Citations

Sep 1, 2005·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Blanca RubíPierre Maechler
Sep 22, 2010·Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews·Zhanhong Wu, Fouad Kandeel
Jun 18, 2011·Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine·Adriana GarciaJogeshwar Mukherjee

Related Concepts

Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Ethanol
chloramine-T
Hydrogen Peroxide
Assay OF Haloperidol
Dopamine D3 receptor
Neostriatum
Positron-Emission Tomography
Tributyltin
Brain

Related Feeds

Basal Ganglia

Basal Ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei in the brain associated with control of voluntary motor movements, procedural and habit learning, emotion, and cognition. Here is the latest research.

Antipsychotic Drugs

Antipsychotic drugs are a class of medication primarily used to manage psychosis (including delusions, hallucinations, paranoia or disordered thought), principally in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Discover the latest research on antipsychotic drugs here