PMID: 240412Aug 13, 1975Paper

13C-nuclear magnetic resonance studies of 85% 13C-enriched amino acids and small peptides. pH effects on the chemical shifts, coupling constants, kinetics of cis-trans isomerisation and conformation aspects

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
S FermandjianP Fromageot


The 13C chemical shifts of several 85% 13C-enriched amino acids and small peptides were studied as a function of pH. The results show that the chemical shifts of carbon atoms of ionizable groups vary significantly within the zone of their pK. Generally with the pH GOING FROM 7 to 1 all the deltaC are shifted more or less upfield with the exception of the carbonyl group carbon of the second last residue which is shifted slightly downfield. This suggests the formation of an hydrogen bond at acid pH involving in a seven-membered ring the C=O in question and the COOH terminal. The percentage of cis and trans conformers of glycyl-L-proline and glycyl-L-prolylglycine were studied as a function of pH. The trans form is always preponderant whatever the pH. The accessibility of the carbonyl group to protonation of the proline residue strongly influences the cis-trans equilibrium. Thus, with the pH varying from 7 to 1, the trans isomer changes from 61 to 85% for glycyl-L-proline and only from 77 to 80% for glycyl-L-prolylglycine. The proton NMR studies underline the important differences existing between the two molecular forms of glycyl-L-proline. The cis conformation is characterized with regard to the trans form by the non-equivalence...Continue Reading


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