PMID: 6477874May 22, 1984

14N NMR of lipid bilayers: effects of ions and anesthetics

D J SiminovitchK R Jeffrey


The interaction of divalent and trivalent metal cations, ferricyanide, a lipophilic ion (tetraphenylborate), and a local anesthetic (tetracaine) with the phosphocholine head group of egg lecithin was investigated by using wide-line 14N and 31P NMR. Measurements of the 14N quadrupolar splittings in the presence of a variety of perturbing agents demonstrated that the 14N NMR technique can be used to directly monitor ion or anesthetic binding. The 14N quadrupolar splitting (delta nu Q) is a measure of the order parameter of the C beta-N bond segment, and changes in delta nu Q as large as 3.5 kHz were observed. Moreover, a comparison of the changes in the quadrupolar splittings induced by the binding of ions or anesthetics provided a sensitive method of discriminating between these perturbing agents in their ability to alter the orientational order of the C beta-N bond segment of the phosphocholine moiety. Without exception, addition of metal ions or anesthetics always resulted in a decrease of the 14N delta nu Q. This reduction reflects a change in the average orientation or degree of motional averaging at the C beta-N bond segment position. In the case of metal ion binding, the strength of the interaction increased with the charg...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Lipid Bilayers
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