Nov 7, 2019

18F-FDG PET Imaging Features of Patients With Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome

Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Jorge A CarrasquilloV Koneti Rao

Abstract

Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a rare immune dysregulatory condition, usually presenting in childhood with massive lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and an increased incidence of lymphoma. Methods to differentiate between benign ALPS adenopathy and lymphoma are needed. To this end, we evaluated the usefulness of FDG PET. We prospectively evaluated 76 ALPS/ALPS-like patients including FS-7-associated surface antigen (FAS) germline mutation with (n = 4) and without lymphoma (n = 50), FAS-somatic (n = 6), ALPS-unknown (n = 6), and others (n = 10) who underwent FDG PET. Uptakes in 14 nodal sites, liver, and spleen were determined. In 76 ALPS patients, FDG PET showed uptake in multiple nodal sites in all but 1 patient. The highest SUVmax values in FAS mutation without lymphoma, FAS mutation with lymphoma, FAS somatic, ALPS-unknown, and other genetic mutations were a median (range) 9.2 (4.3-25), 16.2 (10.7-37.2), 7.6 (4.6-18.1), 11.5 (4.8-17.2), and 5.5 (0-15.3), respectively. Differences between uptake in the FAS group with and without lymphoma were statistically significant, but overlapped, making discrimination between individuals with/without lymphoma impossible. The spleen:liver uptake ratio was greater than 1 in...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
Germ-Line Mutation
Positron-Emission Tomography
Spleen
Uptake
Lymphadenopathy
Subgroup
SMUG1
Nodal (Pertaining to a Node)
Liver

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