Apr 6, 1999

2,4-toluenediisocyanate and hexamethylene-diisocyanate adducts with blood proteins: assessment of reactivity of amino acid residues in vitro

Chemico-biological Interactions
J Mráz, S Bousková

Abstract

Diisocyanates, reactive compounds used in plastics industry and potent occupational allergens, readily bind to proteins both in vitro and in vivo, however, the pattern of adducts with individual amino acids has not been investigated systematically. In this study, potential of the proteinogenic amino acid residues for carbamoylation with 2,4-toluenediisocyanate (2,4-TDI) and hexamethylenediisocyanate (HDI) was evaluated. The diisocyanates were incubated in an in vitro system (buffer pH 7.4/dioxane 50:50) with: (a) a series of Nalpha-benzyloxycarbonyl amino acids (Z-amino acids) and N-acetylcysteine (Ac-Cys), model compounds for non-N-terminal amino acids of the protein chain; (b) dipeptides Val-Phe and Asp-Phe, model compounds for N-termini of globin and albumin, respectively. Reactivity of the compounds tested, evaluated from their depletion during incubation with the diisocyanates (measured by HPLC), was in the order: Ac-Cys = Asp-Phe > Val-Phe = Nalpha-Z-Lys > Nalpha-Z-His for 2,4-TDI, and Ac-Cys > Asp-Phe > Val-Phe = Nalpha-Z-Lys > Nalpha-Z-His > N-Z-Tyr for HDI, however, the adducts with Ac-Cys were unstable. Reactions of other amino acid residues (e.g. Ser, Thr, Met, Trp, Arg, Asn, Gln) with 2,4-TDI and HDI were not observ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Isocyanates
Amines
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
ALB
Serum Proteins
Adduct
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Cysteine
Globin
Cyanates

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