PMID: 44971Jan 1, 1979

2d-generation cephalosporins in the treatment of gram-negative superinfections

Annales de l'anesthésiologie française
Y MoutonA Fourrier

Abstract

The second generation cephalosporins are those drugs that are totally or partially resistant to betalactamases (cefamandole, cefuroxime) or the cephamycins (cefoxitine). This property allows them to destroy the enterobacteria resistant to cefalotine and they may have a place in the treatment of certain post-operative infections (abdominal, gynaecological, urinary) on their own or in combination with an aminoglycoside. They also may be of use in combination with an aminoglycoside in the management of secondary septicaemia infections. Outside of these indications which are dependent on the bacteriological findings, their use should be limited even when there is an absence of organisms that are Cefalotine sensitive on the antibiogram. This careful approach (which applies particularly for cefotaxine) may be abandoned once a certain quantity of resistant strains have emerged. For the time being, the second generation cephalosporins ought to be used only for specific indications, and as a general rule should not be first line antibiotic treatment.

Related Concepts

Septicemia
Enterobacteriaceae
Aminoglycoside [EPC]
Superinfection
Antibiogram
Aminoglycosides
Second generation cephalosporin
Coinfection
Cephalosporins
Abdomen

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