Oct 1, 1984

5-Azacytidine induction of stable mesodermal stem cell lineages from 10T1/2 cells: evidence for regulatory genes controlling determination

S F Konieczny, Charles P Emerson


5-Azacytidine converts the mouse embryonic cell line C3H 10T1/2 into differentiated chondrocytes, adipocytes, and skeletal muscle. Clonal and 2D protein gel analyses demonstrate that 5-azacytidine converts 10T1/2 cells into three stably determined, but undifferentiated, stem cell lineages which can differentiate into myofibers, chondrocytes, and adipocytes. Conversion of 10T1/2 cells is accompanied by specific changes in protein synthetic patterns unique for each cell lineage. We propose that 5-azacytidine converts 10T1/2 cells by hypomethylation of "determination" regulatory loci which establish lineages of stem cells with a restricted potential to differentiate into muscle, cartilage, or fat cells. Our results suggest that these three lineages are specified by separate regulatory loci and that as few as 1-3 hypomethylation events per cell are sufficient to activate the hypothesized muscle regulatory locus. Conversion of 10T1/2 cells by 5-azacytidine provides a model for studying regulatory genes involved in cell lineage determination.

Mentioned in this Paper

Fat Pad
Mice, Inbred C3H
Cell Differentiation Process
Genes, Regulator

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Adult Stem Cells

Adult stem cells reside in unique niches that provide vital cues for their survival, self-renewal, and differentiation. They hold great promise for use in tissue repair and regeneration as a novel therapeutic strategies. Here is the latest research.