May 10, 1976

5' leads to 3'-Exonucleases of bacteriophage T4

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
K Shimizu, M Sekiguchi

Abstract

Two enzyme activities which release nucleotides preferentially from the 5' termini of DNA were found in T4-infected Escherichia coli. Since no corresponding activities were found in uninfected cells, the activities appeared to be induced by T4. Both activities are capable of excising pyrimidine dimers from ultraviolet-irradiated DNA which has been treated with T4 endonuclease V. One of the activities , referred to as T4 exonuclease B, was purified 400-fold from an extract of T4v 1- infected cells. The enzyme initiates hydrolysis of DNA specifically at the 5' termini to yield products which are mainly oligonucleotides of varying length. The hydrolysis reaction proceeds in a limited manner. The enzyme shows optimal activity at pH 7.0 and absolutely requires Mg2+. The molecular weight of the enzyme , as estimated by gel filtration, is approximately 35,000. Another activity, referred to as T4 exonuclease C, was purified 240-fold from the extract. This activity also excises pyrimidine dimers from ultraviolet-irradiated, incised DNA and releases nucleotides at 5' termini. It has a pH optimum at 7.5 and requires Mg2+. The molecular weight of the enzyme is approximately 20,000.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Effects of Radiation
5'-3'-Exonucleases
Alkaline DNase
Gel Chromatography
Bacteriophage T4
Nucleotides
Oligonucleotides
Exonuclease
Pyrimidine Dimers

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