DOI: 10.1101/479212Nov 26, 2018Paper

661W photoreceptor cell line as a cell model for studying retinal ciliopathies

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Gabrielle WhewayStephen Cross

Abstract

The retina contains several ciliated cell types, including the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptor cells. The photoreceptor cilium is one of the most highly modified sensory cilia in the human body. The outer segment of the photoreceptor is a highly elaborated primary cilium, containing stacks or folds of membrane where the photopigment molecules are located. Perhaps unsurprisingly, defects in cilia often lead to retinal phenotypes, either as part of syndromic conditions involving other organs, or in isolation in the so-called retinal ciliopathies. The study of retinal ciliopathies has been limited by a lack of retinal cell lines. RPE1 retinal pigment epithelial cell line is commonly used in such studies, but the existence of a photoreceptor cell line has largely been neglected in the retinal ciliopathy field. 661W cone photoreceptor cells, derived from mouse, have been widely used as a model for studying macular degeneration, but not described as a model for studying retinal ciliopathies such as retinitis pigmentosa. Here, we characterise the 661W cell line as a model for studying retinal ciliopathies. We fully characterise the expression profile of these cells over many passages, using whole transcriptome RNA s...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Western Blotting
Cilia
Gene Expression
Laboratory mice
Scanning Electron Microscopy
Photoreceptors
Retina
Structure of Retinal Pigment Epithelium
Retinitis

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