PMID: 36438Mar 1, 1979

7alpha-Dehydroxylation of cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid by Clostridium leptum

Journal of Lipid Research
E J Stellwag, P B Hylemon

Abstract

The rate of 7alpha-dehydroxylation of primary bile acids was quantitatively measured radiochromatographically in anaerobically washed whole cell suspensions of Clostridium leptum. The pH optimum for the 7alpha-dehydroxylation of both cholic and chenodeoxycholic acid was 6.5-7.0. Substrate saturation curves were observed for the 7alpha-dehydroxylation of cholic and chenodeoxycholic acid. However, cholic acid whole cell K0.5 (0.37 micron) and V (0.20 mumol hr-1mg protein-1) values differed significantly from chenodeoxycholic acid whole cell K0.5 (0.18 micron) and V (0.50 mumol-1 hr-1 mg protein-1). 7alpha-Dehydroxylation activity was not detected using glycine and taurine-conjugated primary bile acids, ursodeoxycholic acid, cholic acid methyl ester, or hyocholic acid as substrates. Substrate competition experiments showed that cholic acid 7 alpha-dehydroxylation was reduced by increasing concentrations of chendeoxycholic acid; however, chenodeoxycholic acid 7alpha-dehydroxylation activity was unaffected by increasing concentrations of cholic acid. A 10-fold increase in cholic and 7alpha-dehydroxylation activity occurred during the transition from logarithmic to stationary phase growth whether cells were cultured in the presence o...Continue Reading

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