A 100-Year Review: A century of dairy heifer research

Journal of Dairy Science
A J HeinrichsC M Jones


The years 1917 to 2017 saw many advances in research related to the dairy heifer, and the Journal of Dairy Science currently publishes more than 20 articles per year focused on heifers. In general, nutrition and management changes made in rearing the dairy heifer have been tremendous in the past century. The earliest literature on the growing heifer identified costs of feeding and implications of growth on future productivity as major concepts requiring further study to improve the overall sustainability of the dairy herd. Research into growth rates and standards for body size and stature have been instrumental in developing rearing programs that provide heifers with adequate nutrients to support growth and improve milk production in first lactation. Nutrient requirements, most notably for protein but also for energy, minerals, and vitamins, have been researched extensively. Scientific evaluation of heifer programs also encouraged a dramatic shift toward a lower average age at first calving over the past 30 yr. Calving at 22 to 24 mo best balances the cost of growing heifers with their production and lifetime income potential. Increasingly, farms have become more progressive in adopting management practices based on the physiol...Continue Reading


Nov 11, 1975·Journal of Dairy Science·J C Johnson, W C McCormick
Dec 1, 1992·Journal of Dairy Science·A J HeinrichsJ B Cooper
Apr 1, 1988·Journal of Dairy Science·R W GardnerR L Park
Mar 1, 1987·Journal of Dairy Science·A J Heinrichs, G L Hargrove
Mar 1, 1986·Journal of Dairy Science·C Y LinK A Winter
Mar 1, 1985·Journal of Dairy Science·R L Powell
Apr 1, 1971·Journal of Dairy Science·J T Reid, J Robb
Jun 1, 1967·Journal of Dairy Science·E W SwansonJ T Miles
Dec 1, 1984·Journal of Dairy Science·A K ClarkF G Owen
Jun 1, 1994·Journal of Dairy Science·A J Heinrichs, G L Hargrove
Mar 1, 1996·Journal of Dairy Science·E P Koenen, A F Groen
Jul 1, 1997·Journal of Dairy Science·M C M MouritsD T Galligan
Oct 6, 1999·Journal of Dairy Science·D G FoxT P Tylutki
Jan 12, 2000·Journal of Dairy Science·P A RabianskyE Salgado-Madriz
May 16, 2001·Journal of Dairy Science·P C HoffmanH Chester-Jones
Aug 24, 2001·Journal of Dairy Science·P R Tozer, A J Heinrichs
Sep 28, 2001·Journal of Dairy Science·J HedgesL E Green
May 14, 2003·Journal of Dairy Science·R W ScalettiR J Harmon
May 1, 1965·Journal of Dairy Science·M J MONTGOMERY, B R BAUMGARDT
Aug 26, 2004·Journal of Dairy Science·N OkuraM Koiwa
Sep 18, 2004·Journal of Dairy Science·M B ThoefnerP H Andersen
Sep 18, 2004·Journal of Dairy Science·A De Vries
Apr 15, 2005·Journal of Dairy Science·J C Marini, M E Van Amburgh
Jul 20, 2005·Journal of Dairy Science·M B ThoefnerS S Nielsen
Sep 16, 2005·Journal of Dairy Science·T D NennichE Block
Dec 17, 2005·Journal of Dairy Science·M P CoffeyS Brotherstone
Oct 13, 2006·Journal of Dairy Science·S L HansenC S Whisnant
Apr 14, 2007·Journal of Dairy Science·K J DanielsM M Schutz
Aug 17, 1917·Science·H P Armsby
Mar 20, 2008·Journal of Dairy Science·G I Zanton, A J Heinrichs
Apr 19, 2008·Journal of Dairy Science·N CapionC Enevoldsen
Jul 25, 2008·Journal of Dairy Science·A BachT Torrent
Sep 4, 2008·Journal of Dairy Science·P C HoffmanR M Wernberg
Jan 24, 2009·Journal of Dairy Science·A M DanscherM B Thoefner
Mar 25, 2009·Journal of Dairy Science·N M EsserK A Weigel
Jan 12, 2010·Journal of Dairy Science·A M DanscherO Wattle
Jan 28, 2012·Journal of Dairy Science·R W Scaletti, R J Harmon
Mar 31, 2012·Journal of Dairy Science·J W SpearsJ Hyda
Aug 28, 2012·Journal of Dairy Science·P P RayK F Knowlton
Dec 12, 2012·Journal of Dairy Science·N Mohd NorH Hogeveen
Sep 24, 2013·Journal of Dairy Science·A J HeinrichsR C Goodling
Jan 28, 2015·Journal of Dairy Science·E K Miller-CushonT J DeVries
Jul 28, 2016·Journal of Dairy Science·D L Van De StroetC D Dechow


Apr 8, 2020·Veterinary Medicine International·Adis SofticErik Georg Granquist
Feb 15, 2020·Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences·István FodorLászló Ózsvári
Mar 19, 2019·Journal of Dairy Science·C S McConnelD A Moore
Nov 10, 2020·Journal of Dairy Science·L HanC D Dechow

Related Concepts

Bos indicus
Lactation, Prolonged
Research Activities
History,20th Century
Historical Events,21st Century

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.


Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.