PMID: 7939615Jun 30, 1994Paper

A 1982-1992 surveillance programme on Danish pottery painters. Biological levels and health effects following exposure to soluble or insoluble cobalt compounds in cobalt blue dyes

The Science of the Total Environment
J M Christensen, O M Poulsen

Abstract

This paper provides a short overview of cobalt-related diseases with particular reference to the potential carcinogenicity of cobalt compounds, and a review of a 10-year surveillance programme on plate painters exposed to cobalt in two Danish porcelain factories. Clinical experience and epidemiological studies have demonstrated that cobalt exposure may lead to severely impaired lung function, i.e. hard metal lung disease and occupational cobalt-related asthma, contact dermatitis and cardiovascular effects. However, the evidence for the carcinogenicity of cobalt and cobalt compounds is considered inadequate (IARC, 1991). Most frequently, exposure to cobalt occurs simultaneously with exposure to other elements known to pose a health risk, (e.g. nickel, arsenic, chromium, tungsten). The importance of cobalt as sole causal agent in hard metal lung diseases, cardiomyopathy and cancer are still a matter of controversy. In the two Danish porcelain factories, cobalt blue underglaze dyes have been used since 1888. In contrast to the exposure experience of hard metal factories, the exposure of plate painters occurs with only low trace levels of other potentially harmful compounds such as the carcinogenic metals nickel, arsenic and chromi...Continue Reading

References

Apr 1, 1992·Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health·E PrescottJ M Christensen
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Citations

Jan 1, 1993·International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health·J M ChristensenM Thomsen
Nov 27, 2008·International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health·Horst Christoph BrodingHans Drexler
Jun 30, 1994·The Science of the Total Environment·E SabbioniP Seghizzi
Oct 9, 1998·Occupational and Environmental Medicine·E SymanskiS M Rappaport
Dec 21, 2002·Contact Dermatitis·Kid Wan Shum, David J Gawkrodger
Nov 14, 2013·Journal of Medical Toxicology : Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology·John J DevlinMichael Schwartz
Jun 24, 2008·Journal of Immunotoxicology·Tomoki FukuyamaTakanori Harada
Feb 5, 2016·Particle and Fibre Toxicology·Chiara UboldiVéronique Malard
Jan 26, 2010·International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health·Aleksandr B StefaniakMark D Hoover
Apr 21, 2009·Medicina clínica·Milagros BernalFrancisco J Gómez
Jan 1, 2007·Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology·Anders I SeldénEva Hellström-Lindberg
Mar 21, 2015·Journal of Environmental Radioactivity·H HolsteinC L Rääf
Jul 7, 2011·Human & Experimental Toxicology·S CatalaniP Apostoli
Nov 11, 1999·Human & Experimental Toxicology·H A KimD A Lawrence
Mar 26, 2002·Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine·Linda Morris BrownJoseph F Fraumeni
Nov 18, 2016·Circulation. Heart Failure·Milton Packer
Jan 6, 2010·Journal of Gerontological Nursing·Wyona M Freysteinson
Sep 25, 2009·Journal of the Royal Society, Interface·John E PattisonStuart Green
Sep 27, 2012·Dermatitis : Contact, Atopic, Occupational, Drug·Jacob P Thyssen
Jul 23, 2005·Inhalation Toxicology·Grace J RamafiRonald Anderson
Feb 24, 2001·Journal of Endocrinological Investigation·A BaccarelliP A Bertazzi

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