PMID: 590267Nov 15, 1977

A 31P-nuclear-magnetic-resonance study of the phosphate groups in lipopolysaccharide and lipid A from Salmonella

European Journal of Biochemistry
P F MühlradtV Lehmann


Untreated and partially deacylated lipopolysaccharides from various P- and P+ strains of Salmonella were studied with 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and by conventional analytical methods. The spectral signals were assigned to various phosphate groups in the lipid A moiety and in the oligosaccharide part. A signal at +2.3 ppm could be assigned to a phosphodiester linkage formed between 4-amino-4-deoxyl-L-arabinose linked via the glycosidic hydroxyl group to the 4'-phosphate group of the glucosamine disaccharide in the lipid A moiety. A strong pyrophosphate signal at +11 ppm in P- strains was identified as a pyrophosphoryl ethanolamine group at the glycosidic end of this glucosamine disaccharide unit. No evidence was found for phosphodiester or pyrophosphodiester bonds crosslinking lipopolysaccharide 'subunits'. A revised version of the lipid A structure of Salmonella is presented. By a combination of 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy data and conventional analytical methods the extent to which the lipopolysaccharides are substituted by various phosphate groups on the lipid A and the oligosaccharide moiety could be estimated. It was thus shown that substantial heterogeneity, leading to several molecular sp...Continue Reading


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