Nov 24, 1998

A 36 month comparative trial of methotrexate and gold sodium thiomalate in the treatment of early active and erosive rheumatoid arthritis

British Journal of Rheumatology
H MenningerR Rau

Abstract

To compare the safety and efficacy of methotrexate (MTX) and gold sodium thiomalate (GSTM) in patients with active early erosive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during 3 yr. A total of 174 patients from two centres were randomly assigned to receive weekly i.m. injections of either 15 mg MTX or 50 mg GSTM for 1 yr in a double-blind fashion. Thereafter, the study was continued as an open prospective trial for an additional 2 yr with the same dose of MTX and half of the GSTM dose. Clinical and laboratory evaluations were carried out at baseline and at months 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 in all patients, including withdrawals. An intention-to-treat analysis revealed inactivation ['clinical remission': no swollen/tender joints, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) of < 20 mm/h in males and < 30 mm in females, no corticosteroids within the last 4 weeks] in 33.3% of MTX patients and 37.9% of GSTM patients. The mean time to inactivation was insignificantly shorter with GSTM (MTX: 12.1 months; GSTM: 9.1 months; P = 0.06). At least marked improvement (> 50% reduction of the number of swollen/tender joints and of the ESR) was found in 78.2% (MTX) and 87.4% (GSTM). Withdrawal from the study due to toxicity was recorded in 16.1% of MTX and 52.9% of GSTM ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Antirheumatic Drugs, Disease-Modifying
Miocrin
Severity of Illness Index
Joints
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Teens
Multivariate Analysis
Methotrexate, (DL)-Isomer

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