A benchmark of gene expression tissue-specificity metrics

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Nadezda Kryuchkova, Marc Robinson-Rechavi

Abstract

One of the major properties of genes is their expression pattern. Notably, genes are often classified as tissue-specific or housekeeping. This property is of interest to molecular evolution as an explanatory factor of, e.g., evolutionary rate, as well as a functional feature which may in itself evolve. While many different methods of measuring tissue specificity have been proposed and used for such studies, there has been no comparison or benchmarking of these methods to our knowledge, and little justification of their use. In this study we compare nine measures of tissue-specificity. Most methods were established for ESTs and microarrays, and several were later adapted to RNA-seq. We analyze their capacity to distinguish gene categories, their robustness to the choice and number of tissues used, and their capture of evolutionary conservation signal.

Related Concepts

Study
Genes
Sequence Determinations, RNA
Tissue Specificity
Tissue-Specific Gene Expression
Gene Expression
Expressed Sequence Tags
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Evolution, Molecular
Metric

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