A case of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis showing multiple white lichen lesions on the airway mucosa.

Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Yosuke KimuraToshiaki Kikuchi

Abstract

A 70-year-old man, treated for asthma for 2 years and chronic sinusitis for several months, presented with fever, numbness in the lower limbs, heaviness in the head, gross hematuria, and black stools. He also had eosinophilia, elevated serum IgG4 levels, high levels of myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (MPO-ANCA), and pulmonary infiltrative shadows. Bronchoscopy revealed multiple white flattened lesions (white moss) on the airway mucosa, suggesting mycobacterial infection or malignancy. A biopsy from tracheal mucosa revealed airway inflammation with marked eosinophil infiltration. The patient was diagnosed with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) and treated with steroids, and all findings improved. However, a year and a half after the initiation of treatment, eosinophils and IgE gradually increased; subjective symptoms, such as asthma symptoms and numbness in the lower limbs, worsened; and ANCA, which had been negative, turned positive. Therefore, we suspected disease relapse and anti-IL-5 antibody (mepolizumab) treatment was initiated. Thereafter, ANCA turned negative again, eosinophils and IgE normalized, and subjective symptoms decreased. The presence of airway mucosal lesions in EGPA i...Continue Reading

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