Feb 12, 2020

A Casz1 - NuRD complex regulates temporal identity transitions in neural progenitors

bioRxiv
Pierre MattarMichel Cayouette

Abstract

Neural progenitor cells alter their output over developmental time to generate different types of neurons and glia in the correct sequences and proportions. A number of "temporal identity factors" that control transitions in progenitor competence have been identified, but the molecular mechanisms underlying their function remain unclear. Here, we asked how the transcription factor Casz1, the mammalian orthologue of Drosophila castor, regulates competence during retinal neurogenesis. We show that Casz1 is required to control the transition between neurogenesis and gliogenesis. Using BioID proteomics, we reveal that Casz1 interacts with the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex in retinal cells. Finally, we show that both the NuRD and the polycomb repressor complexes are required for Casz1 to promote the rod fate and suppress gliogenesis. As other temporal identity factors have been found to interact with the NuRD complex in other contexts, we propose that these factors might act through a common biochemical process to regulate neurogenesis.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Neurogenesis
Mi-2 Nucleosome Remodeling and Deacetylase Complex
Neurons
Stem Cells
Nucleosome Positioning
Neuron of Retina
Castor
Polycomb-Group Protein Complexes
Gliogenesis
CASZ1 protein, human

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