DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/gt2020-14645Jan 15, 2021Proceedings Paper

A CFD-Based Prediction Method for Tip Clearance Losses and Deviations in Axial Turbines

Clemens Buske

Abstract

Accurate loss models are crucial for reliable turbine performance predictions using low-fidelity tools. However, the complex flow structure of the blade tip gap flow impedes an experimental deduction of a realistic tip clearance loss model. In this work, validated, high-fidelity CFD simulations are used to substitute the cost- and time-consuming experiments of a parameter study and to develop a modern, flexible and universal tip clearance model. The CFD model is based on a single stage high-pressure turbine. Inflow conditions and geometry of the rotor were specifically varied to separately study the effects of the significant parameters on the tip clearance loss and deviation. Partial correlations were formulated for each effect and combined to a new tip clearance model. Apart from commonly considered parameters such as gap height, blade loading and solidity, other parameters that are well known to have an effect but are still disregarded in most conventional loss correlations are also investigated, such as incidence, Reynolds number, rotor speed and boundary layer thickness. Furthermore, a downstream progression model is presented that reflects the local conditions of the incompletely mixed out wake flow. Interrelations betwee...Continue Reading

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