Sep 30, 1989

A cluster of alpha 2-macroglobulin-related genes (alpha 2 M) on human chromosome 12p: cloning of the pregnancy-zone protein gene and an alpha 2M pseudogene

Gene
K DevriendtP Marynen

Abstract

The characterization of two alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M)-related genomic clones, isolated from two human genomic libraries by use of alpha 2M cDNA [Kan et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82 (1985) 2282-2286] as a probe, is reported. Sequence comparison of the clone EPZP6 with the human alpha 2M cDNA revealed the presence of five exons with the proper splice signals. Alignment of the corresponding amino acid (aa) sequence of these exons with the published partial pregnancy-zone protein (PZP) aa sequence (Sottrup-Jensen et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81 (1984) 7353-7357] showed a perfect match, thereby identifying EPZP6 as a PZP genomic clone. The clone MPAM16 showed a considerable degree of sequence conservation when compared to the human alpha 2M cDNA sequence, and several putative exons were identified. However, a frame-shift mutation leading to a premature stop codon was found in the coding sequence, classifying this gene as an alpha 2M pseudogene. Human alpha 2M, PZP and the related pseudogene were mapped to the human chromosome 12p12-13, with the help of gene-specific probes and in situ hybridization. This result was confirmed in Southern-blot experiments with DNA from a human-Ltk- mouse somatic-cell hybrid containi...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Alpha 1-Acute Phase Globulin
Activated T Cell Autonomous Cell Death
Exons
Genome
Genes, Reiterated
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12
Genome Mapping
PZP gene
Genomics
Pseudogenes

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.