Apr 3, 2020

Epigenomic Diversity of Cortical Projection Neurons in the Mouse Brain

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Z. ZhangEdward M. Callaway


Neuronal cell types are classically defined by their molecular properties, anatomy, and functions. While recent advances in single-cell genomics have led to high-resolution molecular characterization of cell type diversity in the brain, neuronal cell types are often studied out of the context of their anatomical properties. To better understand the relationship between molecular and anatomical features defining cortical neurons, we combined retrograde labeling with single-nucleus DNA methylation sequencing to link epigenomic properties of cell types to neuronal projections. We examined 11,827 single neocortical neurons from 63 cortico-cortical (CC) and cortico-subcortical long-distance projections. Our results revealed unique epigenetic signatures of projection neurons that correspond to their laminar and regional location and projection patterns. Based on their epigenomes, intra-telencephalic (IT) cells projecting to different cortical targets could be further distinguished, and some layer 5 neurons projecting to extra-telencephalic targets (L5-ET) formed separate subclusters that aligned with their axonal projections. Such separation varied between cortical areas, suggesting area-specific differences in L5-ET subtypes, which ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Sample Fixation
Standing Position
Recombinant Proteins

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