Apr 15, 2016

A comparative analysis of 5-azacytidine and zebularine induced DNA demethylation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Patrick T GriffinRobert J Schmitz

Abstract

The non-methylable cytosine analogs, 5-azacytidine and zebularine, are widely used to inhibit DNA methyltransferase activity and reduce genomic DNA methylation. In this study, whole-genome bisulfite sequencing is used to construct maps of DNA methylation with single base pair resolution in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings treated with each demethylating agent. We find that both inhibitor treatments result in nearly indistinguishable patterns of genome-wide DNA methylation and that 5-azacytidine, despite being more unstable in aqueous solution, has a slightly greater demethylating effect at higher concentrations across the genome. Transcriptome analyses revealed a substantial number of up-regulated genes, with an overrepresentation of transposable element genes, particularly CACTA-like elements. This demonstrates that chemical demethylating agents have a disproportionately large effect on loci that are otherwise silenced by DNA methylation.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Hydrogen sulfite
DNA Methylation [PE]
Patterns
Genome
Cytosine analog
Genes
Analog
Inhibitors
Cytosine

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