PMID: 180754Dec 1, 1975

A comparative study of DNA-dependent RNA polymerases from rat ascites hepatoma cell nuclei and from rat liver nuclei

Acta Medica Okayama
H Misumi

Abstract

DNA-dependent RNA polymerases (EC 2.7.7.6) were extracted and partially purified form the nuclei of rat ascites hepatoma cells (AH-130) induced by 4-dimethylaminoazobenzene. The patterns of RNA synthesis and the properties of these enzymes were compared with enzymes from the nuclei of rat liver. The specific activity of RNA polymerase in the homogenate from the nuclei of AH-130 cells was the same as normal rat liver nuclei. RNA polymerase was solubilized from the homogenate at high ionic strength and separated into two forms by DEAE-Sephadex column chromatography. Enzymatic characterization showed that these enzymes corresponded to RNA polymerase I and II. RNA polymerase I more effectively transcribed native DNA than denatured DNA at low salt concentration, but at high salt concentration RNA polymerase I effectively transcribed denatured DNA. RNA polymerase II more effectively transcribed denatured DNA. In AH-130 cells the activity of RNA polymerase I was 4 to 5 times higher than RNA polymerase II, and in rat liver the activity of RNA polymerase I was 1.5 to 2 times higher than RNA polymerase II. The activity of RNA polymerase I in AH-130 cells may have increased by induction.

Related Concepts

Ammonium Sulfate
Cell Nucleus
DNA, Double-Stranded
Liver Carcinoma
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