Aug 1, 2014

Third-generation dual-source computed tomography of the abdomen: comparison of radiation dose and image quality of 80kVp and 80/150kVp with tin filter

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Christoffer FlensburgBohyun Kim

Abstract

Objective To compare the radiation dose, objective and subjective image quality, and diagnostic performances of 80 kVp and 80/150 kVp with tin filter (80/Sn150 kVp) computed tomography (CT) in oncology patients. Methods One hundred forty-five consecutive oncology patients who underwent third-generation dual-source dual-energy CT of the abdomen for evaluation of malignant visceral, peritoneal, extraperitoneal, and bone tumor were retrospectively recruited. Two radiologists independently reviewed each observation in 80 kVp CT and 80/Sn150 kVp CT. Modified line-density profile of the tumor and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured. Diagnostic confidence, lesion conspicuity, and subjective image quality were calculated and compared between image sets. Results Modified line-density profile analysis revealed higher attenuation differences between the tumor and the normal tissue in 80 kVp CT than in 80/Sn150 kVp CT (127 vs. 107, P = 0.05). The 80 kVp CT showed increased CNR in the liver (8.0 vs. 7.6) and the aorta (18.9 vs. 16.3) than the 80/Sn150 kVp CT. The 80 kVp CT yielded higher enhancement of organs (4.9 ± 0.2 vs. 4.7 ± 0.4, P < 0.001) and lesion conspicuity (4.9 ± 0.3 vs. 4.8 ± 0.5, P = 0.035) than the 80/Sn150 kVp CT; ov...Continue Reading

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