A comparison of high- versus low-linear energy transfer somatostatin receptor targeted radionuclide therapy in vitro

Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Tapan K NayakRobert W Atcher

Abstract

The somatostatin analog [DOTA(0)-Tyr(3)]-octreotide (DOTATOC) has been widely used to target somatostatin receptor expressing tumors for therapy using radionuclides such as (90)Y or (177)Lu. This aim of this study was to compare the effects of DOTATOC labeled to high linear energy transfer (LET) alpha-emitter (213)Bi and low-LET beta-emitter (177)Lu in vitro. Somatostatin receptor (sstr)-positive cell line Capan-2 and sstr-negative control cell line A549 were used for the experiments. The effects of two exposure times using different radiation doses of high-LET alpha-emitter (213)Bi and low-LET beta-emitter (177)Lu were investigated using cell survival assay. The apoptotic effects were investigated using Cell Death Detection ELISA(PLUS)10x. The cumulated activity and the mean absorbed dose per unit cumulated activity were calculated using MIRD cellular Svalues. (213)Bi-DOTATOC had an approximately four times greater induction of apoptosis than (177)Lu-DOTATOC and a 100 times greater induction of apoptosis than nonradiolabeled DOTATOC. Nonspecific radiolabeled tetra-azacyclododecanetetra-acetic acid (DOTA) had a less pronounced effect on the cell survival and apoptosis, as compared to the sstr-specific radiolabeled DOTATOC. (213...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

SMT 487
Actinium
Alpha Radiation
Beta Particle
Bismuth
Cell Nucleus
Cell Survival
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Energy Transfer
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

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