A comparison of life satisfaction and mood in nursing home residents and community-dwelling elders

Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
S H GueldnerP Schlotzhauer


This study compared life satisfaction and mood in a sample of 138 cognitively intact and ambulatory elders, including 70 who lived in nursing homes and 68 who lived independently in the community. Community-dwelling elders reported greater life satisfaction, and scored higher on the Vigor-Activity subscale of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) than those who lived in a nursing home. Nursing home residents scored higher on the Depression-Dejection, Tension-Anxiety, and Confusion-Bewilderment subscales of the POMS. No between group differences were shown on the Anger-Hostility and Fatigue-Inertia subscales of the POMS. The diminished life satisfaction and high depression found in the nursing home residents hold immediate implications for professionals who work in this area.


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