PMID: 326049Jun 15, 1977

A comparison of methods for quantitating fetal heart rate variability

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
R K LarosJ Butler

Abstract

Fetal heart rate (FHR) variability is thought to be an important index of fetal health. In the presence of normal variability, the fetus is vigorous, but lack of beat-to-beat variability may be associated with fetal compromise. A distinction between short-term variability (STV) (beat-to-beat changes between successive beats) and long-term variability (LTV) (rhythmic fluctuations in FHR) has not been made to date. We have utilized computer programs to compare three pairs of mathematical indices and one visual index of FHR variability. Among the three pairs of indices designed for detection of STV and LTV, de Haan's short-term and long-term indices exhibited the least interdependence, and the long-term index was completely insensitive to artifically generated pure STV. Yeh's short-term and long-term indices exhibited substantial positive interdependence. Hon's visual index appears to detect LTV primarily rather than STV. When the effect of progression of labor on FHR variability was examined, no conclusions were possible because of inconsistencies between patients. Ultimately, the clinical value of any one of these indices awaits testing of their ability to define fetal well-being or fetal distress.

Citations

Jan 1, 1981·Journal of Perinatal Medicine·T SolumA Nygren
Sep 14, 2007·Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation·Masahiro ShibaNobuya Unno
Jun 1, 1979·British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology·V M RoemerP Heering
May 1, 1980·Postgraduate Medicine·M B SampsonA S Lele
Jan 1, 1989·Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement : an Official Journal of the Hospital Physicists' Association, Deutsche Gesellschaft Für Medizinische Physik and the European Federation of Organisations for Medical Physics·A van Oosterom
Nov 1, 1991·Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing·H G GoovaertsO Rompelman
Nov 29, 1977·Archiv für Gynäkologie·V M Roemer, S Heinzl
Mar 1, 1979·British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology·T WheelerA Murrills

Related Concepts

Analog-Digital Conversion
Computer Assisted Diagnosis
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Fetal Distress
Fetal Heart
Pulse Rate
Mathematics

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.