PMID: 184902Nov 1, 1976

A comparison of the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of poly I:C and endotoxin in mice infected with Mengo virus

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
J B Campbell, S L White

Abstract

We have compared the protective effect in AKR mice of poly I:C and bacterial endotoxins against lethal doses of Mengo virus. Administered intravenously or intraperitoneally, both interferon inducers protected mice to about the same extent from virus challenges of 2-3 LD50's. Endotoxin, however, was unable to protect the mice effectively against higher challenge doses of virus. Evidence is presented that the level of protection afforded by both inducers is related to the level of circulating interferon produced. We have also shown that a single intravenous dose of poly I:C results in the appearance of two distinct bursts of interferon activity, with maxima at about 2 h and 9 h post injection. Endotoxin, on the other hand, produced only one peak of activity, at 2 h post injection.

Citations

Jan 1, 1980·Toxicon : Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology·R I WalkerB R Merrell
Jan 1, 1981·Toxicon : Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology·R I WalkerE D Exum
Jan 1, 1980·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·G J ManneringL B Deloria

Related Concepts

Endotoxins
Enterovirus Infections
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Injections, Intraperitoneal
Intravenous Injections
Interferon Inducers
Interferons
Mengovirus
Mice, Inbred AKR
Poly I-C

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