DOI: 10.1101/509133Dec 31, 2018Paper

A complex containing lysine-acetylated actin inhibits the formin INF2

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Mu AHenry N Higgs


INF2 is a member of the formin family of actin assembly factors. Dominant mis-sense mutations in INF2 link to two diseases: focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), a kidney disease; and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTD), a neuropathy. All disease mutations map to the autoinhibitory Diaphanous Inhibitory Domain (DID). Curiously, purified INF2 is not autoinhibited, suggesting the existence of additional cellular inhibitors. We purified an INF2 inhibitor from mouse brain, and identified it as a complex between lysine-acetylated actin (KAc-actin) and cyclase-associated protein (CAP). Inhibition of INF2 by CAP/KAc-actin requires INF2 DID. Treatment of CAP/KAc-actin with histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) releases INF2 inhibition, while HDAC6 inhibitors block cellular INF2 activation. INF2 disease mutants are poorly inhibited by CAP/KAc-actin, suggesting that FSGS and CMTD result from reduced CAP/KAc-actin binding. This is the first demonstrated role for lysine-acetylated actin: regulation of an actin assembly factor by a novel mechanism, which we call facilitated auto-inhibition.

Related Concepts

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
Focal Glomerulosclerosis
Metabolic Inhibition
Laboratory mice
Urologic Diseases
Formin 1

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