A comprehensive review of the salt and blood pressure relationship

American Journal of Hypertension
M Muntzel, T Drüeke

Abstract

Salt has played an important role in the human diet since earliest times. However, increases in the availability and consumption of dietary salt have raised concerns that excessive intakes may cause hypertension. Although recent research has linked salt intake to variations in blood pressure, definitive conclusions have been lacking. Uncertainties in this area are due to the complex effects of salt on the cardiovascular system and on blood pressure regulation. Nevertheless, many of these complexities are now well understood and have been summarized in this review. Among the topics we examine are the effects of salt on fluid and electrolyte homoeostasis; potential mechanisms of salt-induced hypertension; the epidemiology of salt intake and blood pressure; the effects of salt restriction and supplementation on blood pressure regulation; the potential roles of sodium and chloride ions, as well as interactions with dietary potassium, calcium, and magnesium; current theories of salt sensitivity; the clinical risks of dietary salt depletion; and the dietary sources of salt.

Citations

May 1, 1995·Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation·S SasakiH Kesteloot
Oct 30, 1998·Journal of Hypertension·D E AndersonA Y Bagrov
Aug 31, 1999·Journal of Hypertension·D E AndersonA Scuteri
Aug 14, 2001·Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science·O ArjamaaH Rintamäki
Jan 10, 2006·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·Tilman B Drüeke, Bernard Lacour
Sep 10, 2010·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·Lise BankirNadine Bouby
Feb 25, 2011·Journal of Human Hypertension·F-Q LiuS-H Zheng
Jun 12, 2012·Clinical and Experimental Hypertension : CHE·Xiaoliang JiangZhiwei Yang
Aug 8, 2013·American Journal of Hypertension·Janas M HarringtonIvan J Perry
Sep 1, 1999·Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition·V KodaliK Krishnaswamy
Mar 15, 1993·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·J Stamler
Aug 1, 1994·Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy·J I Robertson
Mar 1, 1996·Hypertension·M H Weinberger
Mar 10, 1998·Psychosomatic Medicine·A DhokaliaD E Anderson
Feb 12, 1998·Journal of Hypertension·F GallettiM Mancini
May 9, 2000·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·D A McCarron
Feb 24, 2001·Journal of Hypertension·S T TurnerE Boerwinkle
Mar 15, 2001·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·A CapleaD Ely
Sep 6, 2008·American Journal of Hypertension·Saleem JessaniTazeen H Jafar
Nov 12, 1998·Genetic Epidemiology·C M VachonA R Folsom
Mar 7, 2001·Hypertension·E BragulatA Coca
Sep 7, 2002·Hypertension·Stephen H ZinnerBernard Rosner
Apr 27, 2004·Journal of Hypertension·Geza Simon
Jun 18, 2002·The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics·Satomi KagotaMasaru Kunitomo
Aug 31, 2006·Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension·Minoru KawamuraTakashi Sugawara
Feb 8, 2007·Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension·Ling ZhangMasaaki Muramatsu
May 17, 2014·Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System : JRAAS·Carol KotliarFelipe Inserra

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Prevention of cardiovascular disease is an important health initiative. Risk reduction including physical activity, smoking cessation, diet, blood pressure lowering drugs and pharmacotherapy. Here is the latest research on cardiovascular risk reduction.

Related Papers

Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
D C Hatton, D A McCarron
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
T A Kotchen, J M Kotchen
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
Hiroo KawarazakiToshiro Fujita
American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Matthew R Weir, Jeffrey C Fink
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved