A computational theory of human stereo vision

Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character
D Marr, T Poggio

Abstract

An algorithm is proposed for solving the stereoscopic matching problem. The algorithm consists of five steps: (1) Each image is filtered at different orientations with bar masks of four sizes that increase with eccentricity; the equivalent filters are one or two octaves wide. (2) Zero-crossings in the filtered images, which roughly correspond to edges, are localized. Positions of the ends of lines and edges are also found. (3) For each mask orientation and size, matching takes place between pairs of zero-crossings or terminationss of the same sign in the two images, for a range of disparities up to about the width of the mask's central region. (4) Wide masks can control vergence movements, thus causing small masks to come into correspondence. (5) When a correspondence is achieved, it is stored in a dynamic buffer, called the 2 1/2-D sketch. It is shown that this proposal provides a theoretical framework for most existing psychophysical and neurophysiological data about stereopsis. Several critical experimental predictions are also made, for instance about the size of Panum's area under various conditions. The results of such experiments would tell us whether, for example, cooperativity is necessary for the matching process.

References

Oct 19, 1976·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·D Marr
Feb 23, 1978·Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character·D Marr, H K Nishihara
Jan 1, 1979·Vision Research·H R Wilson, J R Bergen
Jan 1, 1977·Vision Research·H R Wilson, S C Giese
Jan 1, 1977·Vision Research·W Richards
Mar 3, 1978·Biological cybernetics·D MarrT Poggio
Apr 14, 1978·Experimental Brain Research·R von der HeydtG Baumgartner
Jan 1, 1978·Perception·J E Mayhew, J P Frisby
Dec 15, 1978·Biological cybernetics·Y Hirai, K Fukushima
Jan 1, 1975·Journal of Theoretical Biology·J I Nelson
Feb 1, 1977·Vision Research·R A Williams, D H Fender
Jan 1, 1976·Vision Research·M Hines
Oct 15, 1976·Science·D Marr, T Poggio
Nov 4, 1976·Nature·J E Mayhew, J P Frisby
Mar 1, 1975·Vision Research·J M FoleyW A Richards
Nov 1, 1975·The Journal of Physiology·M A Georgeson, G D Sullivan
Apr 1, 1976·The Journal of Physiology·P G ClarkeD Whitteridge
Dec 1, 1974·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·D H Hubel, T N Wiesel
Oct 24, 1973·Nature: New Biology·S Blomfield
Jul 1, 1971·The Journal of Physiology·P O BishopC J Smith
Sep 1, 1972·The Journal of Physiology·T B FeltonR A Smith
Jan 1, 1970·Experimental Brain Research·W Richards
Mar 1, 1971·Journal of the Optical Society of America·W Richards
Aug 1, 1968·The Journal of Physiology·F W Campbell, J G Robson
Jul 1, 1969·Vision Research·G Westheimer, D E Mitchell
Aug 1, 1966·Vision Research·D E Mitchell
Jun 1, 1967·Journal of the Optical Society of America·D Fender, B Julesz
Nov 1, 1967·The Journal of Physiology·H B BarlowJ D Pettigrew
Dec 1, 1961·The Journal of Physiology·C RASHBASS, G WESTHEIMER
Dec 1, 1961·The Journal of Physiology·C RASHBASS, G WESTHEIMER

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Jan 1, 1994·Biological cybernetics·D Reimann, H Haken
Jan 1, 1995·Biological cybernetics·P A ArndtH H Bülthoff
Jan 1, 1989·Biological cybernetics·D Geiger, A Yuille
Jul 1, 1995·Biological cybernetics·D ReimannH Haken
Feb 1, 1996·Biological cybernetics·H A MallotP A Arndt
Jan 1, 1987·Biological cybernetics·K Prazdny
Jan 1, 1982·Biological cybernetics·P Morasso, F A Mussa Ivaldi
Jan 1, 1986·Biological cybernetics·M N Oğuztöreli, T M Caelli
Jan 1, 1984·Biological cybernetics·S Hochstein, H Spitzer
Jan 1, 1985·Biological cybernetics·K Prazdny
Jan 1, 1985·Biological cybernetics·R BlakeD Williams
Sep 1, 2007·Biological cybernetics·José R A Torreão
Apr 23, 2008·Theory in Biosciences = Theorie in Den Biowissenschaften·Ulysses BernardetPaul F M J Verschure
Jan 1, 1983·Cognition·R C Berwick, A S Weinberg
Nov 1, 1989·Cognition·P D Eimas, A M Galaburda
Jan 1, 1980·Vision Research·J Frisby, J Mayhew
Jan 1, 1983·Vision Research·M J Morgan, R J Watt
Jan 1, 1983·Vision Research·R P O'Shea, B Crassini
Jan 1, 1983·Vision Research·V S Ramachandran, S M Anstis
Jan 1, 1984·Vision Research·R Patterson, R Fox
Jan 1, 1984·Vision Research·C M SchorJ Ogawa
Jan 1, 1984·Vision Research·K R Nielsen, T Poggio
Jan 1, 1984·Vision Research·K Boothroyd, R Blake
Jan 1, 1984·Vision Research·C SchorJ Ogawa
Jan 1, 1985·Vision Research·R J Watt, M J Morgan
Jan 1, 1986·Vision Research·D Regan
Jan 1, 1986·Vision Research·B Julesz
Jan 1, 1987·Vision Research·V S Ramachandran, P Cavanagh
Jan 1, 1987·Vision Research·D L HalpernR Blake
Jan 1, 1987·Vision Research·G J Mitchison, S P McKee
Jan 1, 1987·Vision Research·G J Mitchison, S P McKee
Jan 1, 1988·Vision Research·S P McKee, G J Mitchison
Jan 1, 1988·Vision Research·C M de Weert, N J Wade
Jan 1, 1988·Vision Research·H R WilsonJ Pokorny
Jan 1, 1989·Vision Research·T Heckmann, C M Schor
Jan 1, 1989·Vision Research·G E Legge, Y C Gu
Jan 1, 1989·Vision Research·A J Parker, Y Yang
Jan 1, 1990·Vision Research·H A Mallot, H Bideau

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
W E Grimson
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character
J P Thorne
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved