A conceptual and methodological framework for measuring and modulating the attentional blink

Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
Mary H Maclean, K M Arnell

Abstract

The attentional blink (AB) is a transient attention cost that is shown when report accuracy for a second target (T2) is reduced when T2 is presented within approximately 500 ms of a first target (T1). Thus, by definition an AB is only observed when T2 accuracy is reduced at short relative to long T1-T2 separations, and the magnitude of the AB is reflected in the change in T2 performance across target separations. However, the designs, analyses, and interpretations of several studies of the AB have suggested a lack of clear definitions about what constitutes a demonstration of the AB, what constitutes a modulation of the AB across participant groups or manipulations, and how AB magnitude might best be represented accurately as a single value for a given individual. In this article, we discuss the important conceptual and methodological issues that should be considered when obtaining, analyzing, and interpreting AB data, and we discuss the pros and cons of various approaches while providing suggestions as to how best to validly represent the AB and its modulations.

References

Aug 1, 1992·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·J E RaymondK M Arnell
Aug 1, 1987·Perception & Psychophysics·D Broadbent, M H Broadbent
Feb 19, 1971·Science·R N Shepard, J Metzler
Jan 1, 1980·Cognitive Psychology·A M Treisman, G Gelade
May 26, 1994·Nature·J DuncanKimron L Shapiro
Apr 1, 1994·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·Kimron L ShapiroK M Arnell
Feb 1, 1996·Cognitive Psychology·R WardKimron L Shapiro
Feb 1, 1997·Perception & Psychophysics·T D GrandisonH E Egeth
Apr 1, 1997·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·Kimron L ShapiroR E Sorensen
Aug 29, 1998·Cognitive Psychology·P Jolicoeur, Roberto Dell'Acqua
Oct 3, 1999·Neuroscience Letters·R HariK Uutela
Feb 24, 2001·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A, Human Experimental Psychology·E N McLaughlinR M Klein
Jan 5, 2002·Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Expérimentale·D I ShoreR M Klein
Aug 30, 2002·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Troy A W VisserVincent Di Lollo
Aug 30, 2002·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·P Jolicoeur
Nov 5, 2002·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·K M Arnell, Julie M Larson
Feb 5, 2003·Psychological Science·Jane E Raymond
Mar 5, 2003·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Salvador Soto-FaracoKimron L Shapiro
May 30, 2003·Nature·C Shawn Green, Daphne Bavelier
Apr 6, 2004·Experimental Brain Research·Adam C G CooperMark Georgeson
Aug 26, 2004·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Joachim GrossAlfons Schnitzler
Dec 15, 2004·Psychological Research·Vincent Di LolloJames T Enns
Jan 18, 2005·NeuroImage·Cornelia KrancziochAndreas K Engel
Feb 15, 2005·Brain and Cognition·Guy L LacroixMichael von Grünau
Apr 15, 2005·Psychological Science·Christian N L Olivers, Sander Nieuwenhuis
Jun 4, 2005·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Klaus KesslerAlfons Schnitzler
Jun 9, 2005·Acta Psychologica·Elkan G Akyürek, Bernhard Hommel
Jun 24, 2005·Perception & Psychophysics·Sébastien TremblayDylan M Jones
Jul 21, 2005·Memory & Cognition·Sander Martens, Addie Johnson
Sep 15, 2005·Nature Neuroscience·Claire SergentStanislas Dehaene
Sep 30, 2005·Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco·Marcus R MunafòBundy Mackintosh
Nov 30, 2005·Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines·Deanna J MasonLindsey Kent
Dec 13, 2005·Perception & Psychophysics·Fook K Chua
Dec 13, 2005·Psychological Research·Christian N L OliversJohan Hulleman
Dec 14, 2005·Psychological Research·Jun-Ichiro KawaharaVincent Di Lollo
Dec 21, 2005·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A, Human Experimental Psychology·Bernhard Hommel, Elkan G Akyürek
Jan 13, 2006·Neuroreport·Kimron L ShapiroAlfons Schnitzler
Apr 26, 2006·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·Christian N L Olivers, Sander Nieuwenhuis
Jun 16, 2006·Perception & Psychophysics·Dawei Shen, Todd A Mondor
Aug 8, 2006·Journal of Psychiatric Research·Jonathan K WynnMichael F Green
Sep 13, 2006·Psychophysiology·Brian R CornwellChristian Grillon
Sep 23, 2006·Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience·Sander MartensAddie Johnson
Nov 2, 2006·Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Expérimentale·Denis CousineauPierre Jolicoeur
Jan 5, 2007·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Isabel ArendKimron L Shapiro
Jan 18, 2007·Psychological Review·Howard Bowman, Brad Wyble
Mar 3, 2007·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Jun-Ichiro KawaharaVincent Di Lollo
Apr 6, 2007·Vision Research·Judy Buchholz, Anne Aimola Davies
May 3, 2007·Experimental Psychology·Fabio FerlazzoStefano Sdoia
Jun 15, 2007·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·Roberto Dell'AcquaPatrik Pluchino
Jul 10, 2007·Addictive Behaviors·Andrew J WatersWallace Pickworth
Aug 2, 2007·Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Expérimentale·Troy A W Visser, Jeneva L Ohan
Sep 13, 2007·Memory & Cognition·Elkan G AkyürekPierre Jolicoeur
Nov 2, 2007·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Paul E Dux, René Marois
Jan 31, 2008·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Lorenza S ColzatoBernhard Hommel
May 2, 2008·Cerebral Cortex·Benedetto De MartinoRaymond J Dolan
May 8, 2008·Perception & Psychophysics·Elwyn W Martin, Kimron L Shapiro
Aug 5, 2008·Neuropsychologia·Lorenza S ColzatoBernhard Hommel
Aug 13, 2008·Psychological Research·Troy A W VisserJeneva L Ohan
Aug 23, 2008·Perception & Psychophysics·François Vachon, Sébastien Tremblay
Sep 2, 2008·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·Andrea FacoettiLeonardo Chelazzi
Oct 23, 2008·Vision Research·Cherie L La Rocque, Troy A W Visser
Oct 29, 2008·Psychological Review·Christian N L Olivers, Martijn Meeter
Jan 16, 2009·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Timo SteinWerner X Schneider
Jan 28, 2009·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·Mark NieuwensteinJan Theeuwes
Jun 12, 2009·Consciousness and Cognition·Sara van LeeuwenLucia Melloni
Jun 25, 2009·Psychological Science·Jane E Raymond, Jennifer L O'Brien
Sep 19, 2009·Journal of Vision·Mark NieuwensteinMary Potter
Oct 22, 2009·Journal of Psychopharmacology·Helen TibboelMatt Field
Nov 26, 2009·Attention, Perception & Psychophysics·Paul E Dux, René Marois
Dec 23, 2009·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·Sander Martens, Brad Wyble
Mar 30, 2010·Attention, Perception & Psychophysics·Gillian Dale, K M Arnell
Aug 13, 2010·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Mary H Maclean, K M Arnell
Aug 31, 2010·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·Gregor M T McLeanGeoffrey W Stuart
Nov 1, 1997·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Kimron L ShapiroK M Arnell
Feb 18, 2011·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Ali JannatiVincent Di Lollo
Jul 14, 2011·Attention, Perception & Psychophysics·Evan J Livesey, Irina M Harris
Jan 1, 2010·Frontiers in Psychology·Lorenza S ColzatoKimron L Shapiro

Citations

Jan 16, 2013·Attention, Perception & Psychophysics·Gillian DaleK M Arnell
Mar 15, 2014·Attention, Perception & Psychophysics·K G GarnerPaul E Dux
Dec 19, 2012·Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience·Mary H Maclean, K M Arnell
Sep 16, 2015·Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry·Amanda S MorrisonJames J Gross
Nov 19, 2015·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Charlotte Willems, Sander Martens
Jul 28, 2015·Appetite·Florian SchmitzJennifer Svaldi
Jul 30, 2015·Cognition & Emotion·Thomas AdamsR Hamish McAllister-Williams
Sep 25, 2014·Cognition & Emotion·Mariann R Weierich, Teresa A Treat
Sep 10, 2014·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology : QJEP·David R ThomsonDaniel Smilek
Dec 2, 2014·Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience·Charlotte WillemsSander Martens
Oct 14, 2014·Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience·Ruth Adam, Uta Noppeney
Mar 9, 2017·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Kimron L ShapiroAlejandro Lleras
Mar 26, 2019·The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism·Patricia BarrionuevoMohammad Hassan Murad
Apr 26, 2020·Scientific Reports·Bernhard Ross, Marc Danzell Lopez
Aug 14, 2020·Behavior Research Methods·Massimo GrassiEnrico Toffalini
Aug 9, 2020·Frontiers in Psychology·Fengzhan LiXia Zhu
Oct 24, 2015·Perception·Adam T BiggsStephen R Mitroff
Sep 28, 2018·Frontiers in Psychology·Merryn D ConstableTimothy N Welsh
Sep 29, 2018·Psychological Research·Eyal Alef OphirDominique Lamy

Related Concepts

Pattern Recognition, Visual
Psychometrics
Reaction Time
Attentional Blink
Approach
Participant
Analysis
Study
Prosubiculum
PROS1

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
Paul E Dux, René Marois
Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Nicholas A BadcockJanet F Fletcher
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved