A conserved AUG triplet in the 5' nontranslated region of poliovirus can function as an initiation codon in vitro and in vivo

T V PestovaE Wimmer


Poliovirus translation is initiated at AUG743, 154 nt downstream of a conserved heptanucleotide CUUAUGG at the 3' border of the internal ribosome entry site. AUG586 is part of this motif and is normally not an initiation codon, but was activated following alteration of its context from CUUAUGG to ACCAUGG. Initiation at AUG586 was efficient and yielded a 7.2-kDa polypeptide translated in an open reading frame that overlapped AUG743 by 38 nt, but the presence of this activated codon reduced initiation at AUG743 by only 50%. Growth of a mutant poliovirus W1-5NC-1 containing the CUU-->ACC substitutions was impaired and was not alleviated by a termination codon placed four triplets downstream of AUG586 in the virus W1-5NC-2. The virus W1-5NC-6 contained the substitution U584A and had a similar sp phenotype; the phenotype of W1-5NC-1 is thus probably due to substitution within the conserved CUUAUGG motif per se rather than to activation of AUG586. A sp mutant virus W1-5NC-3 was derived from W1-5NC-1 by deletion of nt 588-745, indicating that AUG586 could initiate translation in vivo. These observations indicate that although AUG586 can be activated by upstream substitutions, it is nevertheless readily bypassed by ribosomes in mRNAs c...Continue Reading


May 28, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Sylvain de BreyneChristopher U T Hellen
Aug 5, 2011·Journal of Virology·Tuija A A Pöyry, Richard J Jackson
Aug 7, 2002·Journal of Virology·Andrew T DufresneMatthias Gromeier
Dec 21, 2013·The EMBO Journal·Trevor R SweeneyChristopher U T Hellen
Jul 12, 2007·Virology Journal·Nidia H De Jesus
Aug 5, 2008·Virus Research·Graham J Belsham
Aug 12, 2008·Virus Research·Olga Fernández-MiragallEncarnación Martínez-Salas
Nov 18, 2000·Journal of Molecular Biology·Y K KimS K Jang
Apr 30, 2009·APMIS : Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, Et Immunologica Scandinavica·Karl-Henning KallandAnne Margrete Øyan
Sep 20, 2019·Journal of Virology·Bejan MahmudWilliam E Tapprich
Mar 11, 2018·Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡·O S NikonovE Yu Nikonova

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.