PMID: 3778910Dec 1, 1986Paper

A contribution of calmodulin to cellular deformability of calcium-loaded human erythrocytes

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
J MurakamiT Shiga


The effect of intracellular calcium on the deformability of human erythrocytes was studied with a rheoscope, especially in relation to the dynamic structure of membrane cytoskeleton. The appropriate calcium-loading and calcium-depletion were performed to intact erythrocytes with A23187 in potassium buffer. The total calcium content was varied in the range of 0.25 to 3 times as much as normal content, without complete ATP depletion and shape change (the reduction of mean cell volume and the condensation of hemoglobin due to dehydration were avoided). Increasing the intracellular calcium content by about 1.5 times of normal, the deformability was distinctly decreased, while calcium depletion did not affect the deformability. Reduced deformability of the calcium-loaded erythrocytes was restored by the treatment with calmodulin inhibitors, W-7 or trifluoperazine. However, such an effect by calmodulin inhibitors was not detected on normal or calcium-depleted erythrocytes. In conclusion, the interaction between calcium-calmodulin complex and cytoskeletal proteins may affect the membrane stiffness which is regulated through the change of the cytoskeletal structure, and contributes to the deformability of erythrocytes.


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