Jun 1, 1988

A controlled trial comparing sulfasalazine, gold sodium thiomalate, and placebo in rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis and Rheumatism
H J WilliamsM E Luggen


One hundred eight-six patients with active rheumatoid arthritis were evaluated in a double-blind, randomized study that compared treatment with sulfasalazine (SSZ) (2 mg/day), gold sodium thiomalate (GST) (50 mg/week), and placebo (PBO). The 37-week course of therapy was completed by 109 patients. While marked improvement was seen in all 3 treatment groups, the only statistically significant differences between SSZ or GST and PBO were in a decreased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and increased grip strength in the right hand. GST is known to be superior to PBO, and the response of the GST-treated group was similar to that seen in other trials. The response of the PBO group, however, was much greater than in other placebo groups we have studied. SSZ was similar in efficacy to injectable gold, but was better tolerated. Because of adverse drug reactions (most commonly, rash, stomatitis, and proteinuria), 41% of patients were withdrawn from the GST treatment. Untoward drug effects (most frequently, rash and gastrointestinal distress) caused 16% of patients to be withdrawn from SSZ therapy.

  • References4
  • Citations38


Mentioned in this Paper

Patient Non-Compliance
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Measurement
Sulfasalazin medac
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Result
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Distress Gastrointestinal

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.