DOI: 10.1101/483032Nov 29, 2018Paper

A critical role of the T3SS effector EseJ in intracellular trafficking and replication of Edwardsiella piscicida in non-phagocytic cells

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Lingzhi ZhangQin Liu

Abstract

Edwardsiella piscicida (E. piscicida) is an intracellular pathogen within a broad spectrum of hosts. Essential to E. piscicida virulence is its ability to survive and replicate inside host cells, yet the underlying mechanisms and the nature of the replicative compartment remain unclear. Here, we characterized its intracellular lifestyle in non-phagocytic cells and showed that intracellular replication of E. piscicida in non-phagocytic cells is dependent on its type III secretion system. Following internalization, E. piscicida is contained in vacuoles that transiently mature into early endosomes, but subsequently bypasses the classical endosome pathway and fusion with lysosomes which depends on its T3SS. Following a rapid escape from the degradative pathway, E. piscicida was found to create a specialized replication-permissive niche characterized by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) markers. We also found that a T3SS effector EseJ is responsible for intracellular replication of E. piscicida by preventing endosome/lysosome fusion. Furthermore, in vivo experiments confirmed that EseJ is necessary for bacterial colonization of E. piscicida in both mice and zebrafish. Thus, this work elucidates the strategies used by E. piscicida to surviv...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Lysosomes
Laboratory mice
Phagocytes
Endosomes
Vacuole
Virulence
Virus Replication
Zebrafish

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