Oct 31, 2018

A diallel of the mouse Collaborative Cross founders reveals strong strain-specific maternal effects on litter size

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
John R ShorterFernando Pardo-Manuel de Villena

Abstract

Reproductive success in the eight founder strains of the Collaborative Cross (CC) was measured using a diallel-mating scheme. Over a 48-month period we generated 4,448 litters, and 24,782 weaned pups were used across 16 different published experiments. We identified factors that affect the average litter size in a cross by estimating the overall contribution of parent-of-origin, heterosis, inbred, and epistatic effects using a Bayesian zero-truncated overdispersed Poisson mixed model. The phenotypic variance of litter size has a substantial contribution (79%) from unexplained and environmental sources, but no detectable effect of seasonality. Most of the explained variance was due to additive effects (9.2%) and parental sex (maternal vs paternal strain; 5.8%), with epistasis accounting for 3.4%. Within the parental effects, the effect of the dam's strain explained more than the sire's strain (13.2% vs. 1.8%), and the dam's strain effects account for 74.2% of total variation explained. Dams from strains C57BL/6J and NOD/ShiLtJ increased the expected litter size by a mean of 1.66 and 1.79 pups, whereas dams from strains WSB/EiJ, PWK/PhJ, and CAST/EiJ reduced expected litter size by a mean of 1.51, 0.81, and 0.90 pups. Finally, th...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Size
Equine Laminitis
Collaborator
Inbred Strain
Environment
B6.129S7-Rag1-tm1Mom Mouse
CAST/EiJ Mouse
Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, Rabbit
Breeding
Analysis

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